133 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids modulate microglia and promote Aβ plaque deposition

    Alessio Vittorio Colombo et al.
    Experiments in a mouse model for Alzheimer’s disease using germ-free and conventionally housed animals reveal that microbiota-derived short-chain fatty acids promote the deposition of cerebral Aβ plaques.
    1. Medicine

    Anti-fibrotic activity of a rho-kinase inhibitor restores outflow function and intraocular pressure homeostasis

    Guorong Li et al.
    An FDA-approved, rho-associated kinase inhibitor reverses fibrosis in the conventional outflow pathway of a mouse model of glaucoma and reverses ocular hypertension in patients with steroid glaucoma.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The genetic landscape for amyloid beta fibril nucleation accurately discriminates familial Alzheimer’s disease mutations

    Mireia Seuma et al.
    A massively parallel analysis of the effects of mutations on amyloid beta nucleation provide the first comprehensive atlas of how mutations alter the formation of amyloid fibrils.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New light shed on the early evolution of limb-bone growth plate and bone marrow

    Jordi Estefa et al.
    A three-dimensional investigation of extinct-tetrapod limbs shows that even though bone elongation and blood-cell production are intimately related to mammal long bones, these functions actually appeared successively in tetrapod evolution.
    1. Cell Biology

    Generation of stress fibers through myosin-driven reorganization of the actin cortex

    Jaakko I Lehtimäki et al.
    Live-cell microscopy studies revealed that stress fibers can be generated de novo from the actin cortex without the involvement of stress fiber precursors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Seizures are a druggable mechanistic link between TBI and subsequent tauopathy

    Hadeel Alyenbaawi et al.
    A traumatic brain injury model is invented for larval zebrafish and applied to a new fluorescent 'tauopathy reporter fish', revealing a role for seizures in progression towards dementias.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cytoplasmic chromatin fragments—from mechanisms to therapeutic potential

    Karl N Miller et al.
    Cytoplasmic chromatin fragment formation pathways in senescent cells are a potential therapeutic target for modulation of inflammation in aging, which contributes to age-associated diseases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mutations in SKI in Shprintzen–Goldberg syndrome lead to attenuated TGF-β responses through SKI stabilization

    Ilaria Gori et al.
    The mechanism underlying Shprintzen–Goldberg syndrome is solved and reveals that missense mutations in the transcriptional repressor SKI abolish ligand-induced SKI degradation, which results in attenuation of TGF-β transcriptional responses.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Therapeutic genetic variation revealed in diverse Hsp104 homologs

    Zachary M March et al.
    Exploring natural Hsp104 variation reveals unexpected tuning of a passive activity that inhibits aggregation of specific substrates to selectively counter TDP-43 or alpha-synuclein proteotoxicity connected to neurodegenerative disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Defining human mesenchymal and epithelial heterogeneity in response to oral inflammatory disease

    Ana J Caetano et al.
    Single cell transcriptomic analysis provides a reference map for human oral muscosa in health and disease and a framework for the development of new therapeutic strategies.

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