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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    The angiopoietin-like protein ANGPTL4 catalyzes unfolding of the hydrolase domain in lipoprotein lipase and the endothelial membrane protein GPIHBP1 counteracts this unfolding

    Simon Mysling et al.
    Building on previous work (Mysling et al., 2016), it is shown that angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) inhibits lipoprotein lipase activity by catalyzing the unfolding of its hydrolase domain.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Inhibition by small-molecule ligands of formation of amyloid fibrils of an immunoglobulin light chain variable domain

    Boris Brumshtein et al.
    Ligands that bind dimers of light chain variable domains inhibit the formation of amyloid fibrils.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functionally defined white matter of the macaque monkey brain reveals a dorso-ventral attention network

    Ilaria Sani et al.
    Primate attention is not limited to a dorsal fronto-parietal network, but includes a ventral temporal node and its dorso-ventral interactions with other attentional areas.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The Ndc80 complex bridges two Dam1 complex rings

    Jae ook Kim et al.
    The ability of the Ndc80 complex to bind two Dam1 complex rings is important for chromosome attachment, and the distance between the two rings is vital for supporting growth.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Kinetics of initiating polypeptide elongation in an IRES-dependent system

    Haibo Zhang et al.
    The retarding effect of a ribosome-bound internal ribosome entry site on eukaryotic protein synthesis is largely overcome following translocation of tripeptidyl-tRNA.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Nrg1 is an injury-induced cardiomyocyte mitogen for the endogenous heart regeneration program in zebrafish

    Matthew Gemberling et al.
    Neuregulin1 is induced upon cardiac injury in adult zebrafish, and is sufficient to drive massive proliferative growth of the heart.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Thrombospondin-4 controls matrix assembly during development and repair of myotendinous junctions

    Arul Subramanian, Thomas F Schilling
    Functional attachments between muscles and tendons require pentameric Thrombospondin-4, revealing novel roles both as an integrin ligand and extracellular matrix scaffold.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional subregions of the human entorhinal cortex

    Anne Maass et al.
    By employing high-field fMRI to measure connectivity with the hippocampus and adjacent parahippocampal structures within the medial temporal lobe, it is shown that the entorhinal cortex can be divided into anterior-lateral and posterior-medial subregions.
    1. Cell Biology

    Dynein–Dynactin–NuMA clusters generate cortical spindle-pulling forces as a multi-arm ensemble

    Masako Okumura et al.
    Optogenetic reconstitution reveals core functional modules and architecture of the cortical force-generating machinery in human cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Stabilization and structural analysis of a membrane-associated hIAPP aggregation intermediate

    Diana C Rodriguez Camargo et al.
    The ability of lipid nanodiscs to trap different types of amyloid intermediates, as successfully demonstrated in this study for human-IAPP, could become one of the most powerful approaches to dissect the complicated misfolding pathways of protein aggregation.