3,097 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Deep learning models predict regulatory variants in pancreatic islets and refine type 2 diabetes association signals

    Agata Wesolowska-Andersen et al.
    Combination of deep learning models trained on tissue-specific genomic data and fine-mapping approaches supports efforts to identify causal variants and mechanisms at GWAS loci.
    1. Neuroscience

    Differential contributions of the two human cerebral hemispheres to action timing

    Anja Pflug et al.
    Brain imaging reveals frequency-dependent lateralized rhythmic finger tapping control by the auditory cortex with left-lateralized control of relative fast and right-lateralized control of relative slow rhythms.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cre-assisted fine-mapping of neural circuits using orthogonal split inteins

    Haojiang Luan et al.
    A genetic method allows neurons to be individually identified and characterized by combining information about both their developmental origins and their mature patterns of gene expression.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Trifunctional cross-linker for mapping protein-protein interaction networks and comparing protein conformational states

    Dan Tan et al.
    An enrichable cross-linker with optional isotope labeling quadruples the number of cross-linked peptides identified from high-complexity samples, enhancing proteome-wide analysis of protein-protein interactions and protein conformational changes by mass spectrometry.
    1. Neuroscience

    Subthalamic nucleus gamma activity increases not only during movement but also during movement inhibition

    Petra Fischer et al.
    Sudden stopping of rhythmic movement is associated with a pronounced increase of 60-90 Hz gamma oscillations in the subthalamic nucleus, which have formerly been regarded as favouring movement.
    1. Neuroscience

    A shared numerical representation for action and perception

    Giovanni Anobile et al.
    Adapting to rapid or slow finger tapping selectively biases the apparent numerosity of sequences or arrays of visual stimuli.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of cooperativity in kinesin revealed by 3D reconstruction of a two-head-bound state on microtubules

    Daifei Liu et al.
    A novel algorithm is used to solve the first 3D reconstruction of a stepping kinesin dimer on microtubules, directly visualizing the conformational effects of inter-head strain and giving novel insights into the motility mechanism.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Examining kinesin processivity within a general gating framework

    Johan OL Andreasson et al.
    A general framework for gating reveals that inter-head tension is not essential for coordinating kinesin stepping, and that neck-linker length is tuned to enhance processivity and velocity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    2018 Gairdner Awards: The past, present and future of light-gated ion channels and optogenetics

    Sheena A Josselyn
    Research into light-gated ion channels called channelrhodospins laid the foundations for the development of optogenetics, a technique that has gone on to revolutionize neuroscience.

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