3,772 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Computation identifies structural features that govern neuronal firing properties in slowly adapting touch receptors

    Daine R Lesniak et al.
    Computer simulations show that the firing patterns of branched touch receptors can be set in part by the organization of their sensory endings in the skin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: Marking the differences in motoneurons

    Simon A Sharples, Patrick J Whelan
    A subgroup of the neurons that control muscles becomes less excitable shortly before the symptoms of ALS develop.
    Insight
    Available as:
    • HTML
    • PDF
    1. Neuroscience

    Hypoexcitability precedes denervation in the large fast-contracting motor units in two unrelated mouse models of ALS

    María de Lourdes Martínez-Silva et al.
    The most vulnerable motor units lose a fundamental firing property before the denervation of their muscle fibers in ALS mice, changing our view of the role of excitability in neurodegeneration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Stepwise activation mechanism of the scramblase nhTMEM16 revealed by cryo-EM

    Valeria Kalienkova et al.
    cryo-EM reveals the properties of distinct conformations occupied during activation of the lipid scramblase nhTMEM16 and provides new insights into its interactions with the lipid environment.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional role of the type 1 pilus rod structure in mediating host-pathogen interactions

    Caitlin N Spaulding et al.
    The helical rod structure and dynamic spring-like properties of the type 1 pilus are evolutionarily fine-tuned for functioning in host-pathogen interactions during urinary tract infection and gut colonization.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Germ layer-specific regulation of cell polarity and adhesion gives insight into the evolution of mesoderm

    Miguel Salinas-Saavedra et al.
    The expression of 'bilaterian-mesodermal’ genes changes the epithelial properties of the endomesoderm during the embryogenesis of the cnidarian Nematostella vectensis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Bipolar filaments of human nonmuscle myosin 2-A and 2-B have distinct motile and mechanical properties

    Luca Melli et al.
    Individual nonmuscle myosin 2 filaments in cells may differ their mechanical and kinetic properties depending on the myosin paralog composition giving the cells a mechanism for fine tuning the output of a given nonmuscle myosin filament.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A glucose-starvation response regulates the diffusion of macromolecules

    Ryan P Joyner et al.
    During stress conditions, eukaryotic cells dramatically alter their biophysical properties to regulate diffusion of macromolecules.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early-generated interneurons regulate neuronal circuit formation during early postnatal development

    Chang-Zheng Wang et al.
    Early-generated interneurons are more mature in intrinsic properties and neuronal connectivity during early postnatal stage, and are critical for proper spontaneous network synchronization and the wiring of immature cortical circuits.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Chronology-based architecture of descending circuits that underlie the development of locomotor repertoire after birth

    Avinash Pujala, Minoru Koyama
    Newly forming descending pathways are arranged to function in parallel to existing ones and contribute to increasingly sophisticated locomotor behaviors that emerge postnatally with suitable connectivity patterns and biophysical properties.

Refine your results by:

Type
Research categories