935 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The distribution of fitness effects among synonymous mutations in a gene under directional selection

    Eleonore Lebeuf-Taylor et al.
    Synonymous mutations can have highly variable fitness effects stemming from changes in transcription, some of which contribute to adaptation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Inferring genetic interactions from comparative fitness data

    Kristina Crona et al.
    A new mathematical approach can infer higher order genetic interactions from pairwise fitness comparisons between genotypes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Adaptation in protein fitness landscapes is facilitated by indirect paths

    Nicholas C Wu et al.
    The extra dimensions in protein sequence space open up indirect paths of adaptation and alleviate the constraint on the selective accessibility to high fitness genotypes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Coupling adaptive molecular evolution to phylodynamics using fitness-dependent birth-death models

    David A Rasmussen, Tanja Stadler
    A new model describes how adaptive molecular evolution shapes phylogenetic trees and can be used to estimate the fitness effects of mutations from phylogenies.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Comprehensive fitness maps of Hsp90 show widespread environmental dependence

    Julia M Flynn et al.
    Environmental conditions strongly impact the fitness effects of Hsp90, resulting in the selection of Hsp90 sequences in nature that are robust to a variety of stressful conditions.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Toll pathway inhibits tissue growth and regulates cell fitness in an infection-dependent manner

    Federico Germani et al.
    Toll pathway inactivation enhances tissue growth and cell fitness when the environment in which animals develop is not deprived of pathogens.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Measuring the distribution of fitness effects in somatic evolution by combining clonal dynamics with dN/dS ratios

    Marc J Williams et al.
    Measurement of the distribution of fitness effects of new mutations arising in human oesophagus and skin, via new mathematical theory linking dn/ds values and fitness coefficients.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Fitness benefits in fluoroquinolone-resistant Salmonella Typhi in the absence of antimicrobial pressure

    Stephen Baker et al.
    The major evolutionary routes to drug resistance in Salmonella Typhi are associated with fitness benefits, not fitness costs, implying that prudent antimicrobial use will have no effect as a public health intervention in controlling typhoid fever.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Pooled genome-wide CRISPR screening for basal and context-specific fitness gene essentiality in Drosophila cells

    Raghuvir Viswanatha et al.
    Pooled CRISPR knockout screening in Drosophila cells enables high-resolution, genome-wide functional genomic comparisons in cell-lines across vast evolutionary distance.

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