273 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Universally high transcript error rates in bacteria

    Weiyi Li, Michael Lynch
    Fundamental details of the rate and molecular spectrum of transcript errors were revealed in four bacterial species, providing novel insights into transcriptional fidelity and RNA quality-control in prokaryotes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Identifying the immune interactions underlying HLA class I disease associations

    Bisrat J Debebe et al.
    HLA class I-disease associations have been studied for decades; a new approach for investigating the underlying mechanism can overcome past problems with interpretation and help to understand the etiology of human diseases.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Parallel CRISPR-Cas9 screens clarify impacts of p53 on screen performance

    Anne Ramsay Bowden et al.
    The protein p53 negatively impacts the ability of a CRISPR screen to discriminate between essential and non-essential genes, hence, p53 status should be considered in these screens.
    1. Neuroscience

    Acetylcholine acts on songbird premotor circuitry to invigorate vocal output

    Paul I Jaffe, Michael S Brainard
    The neuromodulator acetylcholine contributes to state-dependent modulation of motor vigor and variability by direct action on songbird premotor cortex, bypassing basal ganglia circuitry.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Essential function of the alveolin network in the subpellicular microtubules and conoid assembly in Toxoplasma gondii

    Nicolò Tosetti et al.
    A combination of high-resolution microscopy and reverse genetics identified key components of the alveolin network playing an essential role in the assembly of subpellicular microtubules and conoid in Toxoplasma gondii..
    1. Cell Biology

    Single cell transcriptomics identifies a unique adipose lineage cell population that regulates bone marrow environment

    Leilei Zhong et al.
    A newly identified adipose lineage cell population, MALP, regulates marrow vasculature and osteogenesis in bone.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Multimeric single-domain antibody complexes protect against bunyavirus infections

    Paul J Wichgers Schreur et al.
    Llama-derived single-domain antibodies, formatted as bispecific antibodies with human Fc domains, reduce and prevent bunyavirus-induced morbidity and mortality in mice upon prophylactic and therapeutic administration.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Determining the scale at which variation in a single gene changes population yields

    Erica McGale et al.
    Variation in the gene NaMPK4 in plant populations increases reproductive yield, an effect which appears to be independent of soil water availability, neighbor-scale interactions and associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    A synthetic dataset primer for the biobehavioural sciences to promote reproducibility and hypothesis generation

    Daniel S Quintana
    Sharing synthetic datasets that mimic original datasets that could not otherwise be made publicly available can help ensure reproducibility and facilitate data exploration while maintaining participant privacy.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Measuring the distribution of fitness effects in somatic evolution by combining clonal dynamics with dN/dS ratios

    Marc J Williams et al.
    Measurement of the distribution of fitness effects of new mutations arising in human oesophagus and skin, via new mathematical theory linking dn/ds values and fitness coefficients.

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