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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A native prokaryotic voltage-dependent calcium channel with a novel selectivity filter sequence

    Takushi Shimomura et al.
    The small glycine residue in the Cav selectivity filter is an overlooked feature that determines Ca2+ selectivity and provides new insight into the Ca2+ selectivity mechanism conserved from prokaryotes to eukaryotes.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    TLR5 participates in the TLR4 receptor complex and promotes MyD88-dependent signaling in environmental lung injury

    Salik Hussain et al.
    The response to TLR4 ligands in mice and humans is modulated by TLR5, which participates in the TLR4 signaling complex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Quantitative properties of a feedback circuit predict frequency-dependent pattern separation

    Oliver Braganza et al.
    The feedback inhibitory microcircuit of the dentate gyrus likely boosts pattern separation during gamma oscillations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shifting from fear to safety through deconditioning-update

    Bruno Popik et al.
    Deconditioning is a safe and efficient new approach to updating traumatic memories, in which fear memory is rewritten to a very low level in a long-lasting way.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Evolutionarily unique mechanistic framework of clathrin-mediated endocytosis in plants

    Madhumitha Narasimhan et al.
    The examination of the ultra-structure and in vivo dynamics of endocytosis in plants reveal plants unique actin-independent, clathrin-mediated endocytosis mechanisms to overcome their unique physiological properties.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    High-speed motility originates from cooperatively pushing and pulling flagella bundles in bilophotrichous bacteria

    Klaas Bente et al.
    Bacteria reach swimming speeds of several hundred body lengths per second and change direction in less than 5 ms by using coordinated flagella bundle agitation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The tumor suppressor PTPRK promotes ZNRF3 internalization and is required for Wnt inhibition in the Spemann organizer

    Ling-Shih Chang et al.
    Two cancer related proteins, tyrosine phosphatase PTPRK and ubiquitin ligase ZNRF3, interact to downregulate Wnt receptors, thereby regulating Spemann organizer function during Xenopus development.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The inner junction complex of the cilia is an interaction hub that involves tubulin post-translational modifications

    Ahmad Abdelzaher Zaki Khalifa et al.
    A structure of the ciliary inner junction at 3.6 Å resolution permits atomic modeling of six inner junction proteins and their interactions with acetylated lysine 40 loops of alpha tubulins.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Length-dependent disassembly maintains four different flagellar lengths in Giardia

    Shane G McInally et al.
    Giardia, a multi-ciliated parasitic protist, maintains four different flagellar lengths by balancing flagellar length-independent IFT-mediated assembly with length-dependent kinesin-13 mediated disassembly.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Origin and role of the cerebrospinal fluid bidirectional flow in the central canal

    Olivier Thouvenin et al.
    The combination of data and modelling shows the mechanisms underlying bidirectional flow of cerebrospinal fluid and its impact on long range transport in the CSF between brain and spinal cord.