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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The presence and absence of periplasmic rings in bacterial flagellar motors correlates with stator type

    Mohammed Kaplan et al.
    A correlation between the periplasmic embellishment of the flagellar motor and its stator system type is described, motors with dual H+-dependent stator systems have one periplasmic ring formed by MotY.
    1. Cell Biology

    A novel biosensor to study cAMP dynamics in cilia and flagella

    Shatanik Mukherjee et al.
    A new FRET-based cAMP biosensor with nanomolar sensitivity makes it possible to measure cAMP dynamics in miniscule subcellular compartments like cilia and flagella.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Modes of flagellar assembly in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Trypanosoma brucei

    Johanna L Höög et al.
    Comparative electron tomography of growing flagellar tips reveals that axonemal growth differs between short and long flagella, and between species.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Cell Biology

    Flagellar synchronization through direct hydrodynamic interactions

    Douglas R Brumley et al.
    A combination of experiment and theory shows that pairs of eukaryotic flagella can achieve robust synchronization solely through the action of the fluid that surrounds them.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Length regulation of multiple flagella that self-assemble from a shared pool of components

    Thomas G Fai et al.
    In the microbe Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, a disassembly rate which depends on flagellar length provides an effective method to regulate the length of its two flagella.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    The biomechanical role of extra-axonemal structures in shaping the flagellar beat of Euglena gracilis

    Giancarlo Cicconofri et al.
    The 'spinning lasso' geometry of Euglena's beating flagellum is revealed, and a model based on the antagonistic forces exchanged by axoneme and paraflagellar rod is proposed to explain its emergence.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    An asymmetric sheath controls flagellar supercoiling and motility in the leptospira spirochete

    Kimberley H Gibson et al.
    The corkscrew-like motility of Spirochete bacteria is enabled by a unique, asymmetrically constructed flagellum that wraps around the cell body within the periplasm.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Length-dependent disassembly maintains four different flagellar lengths in Giardia

    Shane G McInally et al.
    Giardia, a multi-ciliated parasitic protist, maintains four different flagellar lengths by balancing flagellar length-independent IFT-mediated assembly with length-dependent kinesin-13 mediated disassembly.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Length-dependent flagellar growth of Vibrio alginolyticus revealed by real time fluorescent imaging

    Meiting Chen et al.
    The length-dependent growth rate of bacterial flagellar filament is determined by the flagellin loading speed, loading strength and its diffusion process.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cyclic di-GMP differentially tunes a bacterial flagellar motor through a novel class of CheY-like regulators

    Jutta Nesper et al.
    Precise control of the bacterial flagellar motor determines bacterial cell dispersal and bacteria-surface interactions.