49 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The global burden of yellow fever

    Katy AM Gaythorpe et al.
    Yellow fever, a potentially deadly viral hemorrhagic fever, causes up to 82,000 deaths annually worldwide, and mass vaccination activities have reduced the burden by 47% in Africa.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Virus infection of the CNS disrupts the immune-neural-synaptic axis via induction of pleiotropic gene regulation of host responses

    Olga A Maximova et al.
    Virus infection of the central nervous system disrupts the homeostasis of the immune-neural-synaptic axis via induction of pleiotropic genes with an unintended off-target negative impact on the neurotransmission.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Principles of dengue virus evolvability derived from genotype-fitness maps in human and mosquito cells

    Patrick T Dolan et al.
    Distinct selective landscapes in mosquito and human cells shape dengue virus genetic diversity and highlight mechanisms of host adaptation in arboviruses.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary conflicts and adverse effects of antiviral factors

    Daniel Sauter, Frank Kirchhoff
    Innate antiviral factors do not always perfectly distinguish between self and foreign, and potential adverse effects of antiviral defense mechanisms for the host have been discussed.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular rationale for antibody-mediated targeting of the hantavirus fusion glycoprotein

    Ilona Rissanen et al.
    An integrated cryoEM and X-ray crystallography study resolves the structural basis for antibody-mediated targeting of the hantavirus fusion glycoprotein and provides insight into the conformational landscape of the hantavirion surface.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of diverse poxin cGAMP nucleases reveal a widespread role for cGAS-STING evasion in host–pathogen conflict

    James B Eaglesham et al.
    Poxin enzymes are a diverse family of insect and viral 2′3′-cGAMP nucleases, which evolved from self-cleaving RNA virus accessory proteases.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Homology-guided identification of a conserved motif linking the antiviral functions of IFITM3 to its oligomeric state

    Kazi Rahman et al.
    A disease-associated polymorphism in a related protein that regulates neurotransmitter release reveals that antiviral protein IFITM3 forms oligomers to rigidify membranes and inhibit virus fusion with cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single mutation in Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus discovered in ticks impairs infectivity in human cells

    Brian L Hua et al.
    Tick-derived sequence variation in the fusion glycoprotein of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) drastically impairs infection of mammalian cells, suggesting that certain CCHFV strains undergo purifying selection in mammalian hosts.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Lipid hijacking: A unifying theme in vector-borne diseases

    Anya J O'Neal et al.
    A conceptual and unifying framework with a critical appraisal of lipid hijacking by microbes cycling between an arthropod vector and a mammalian host is explored.
    1. Medicine

    Concentration-dependent mortality of chloroquine in overdose

    James A Watson et al.
    Most chloroquine regimens trialled for the treatment of COVID19 will not result in life-threatening cardiovascular toxicity.

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