54 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 polymerase by nucleotide analogs from a single-molecule perspective

    Mona Seifert et al.
    High-throughput and ultra-stable magnetic tweezers reveal that Remdesivir induces a long-lived backtrack pause upon incorporation by the coronavirus polymerase, and SARS-CoV-2 is able to evade interferon-induced antiviral ddhCTP.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Evolution of pathogen tolerance and emerging infections: A missing experimental paradigm

    Srijan Seal et al.
    An integrated empirical paradigm tracing immune strategies, underlying mechanisms and infection outcomes across reservoir host-pathogen systems, their specific ecological contexts, life-history features, and coevolutionary dynamics can reveal the actual patterns and processes underlying spillover in the wild.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Endomembrane targeting of human OAS1 p46 augments antiviral activity

    Frank W Soveg et al.
    Prenylation of human oligoadenylate synthetase 1 isoform p46 mediates endomembrane targeting and increases its antiviral activity against positive-strand RNA viruses that utilize the host endomembrane system for replication.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A fusion peptide in preS1 and the human protein disulfide isomerase ERp57 are involved in hepatitis B virus membrane fusion process

    Jimena Pérez-Vargas et al.
    The mechanism triggering HBV membrane fusion involves ERp57, a cellular protein disulfide isomerase, and ultimately leads to the exposition of a fusion peptide that was identified in the pre-S1 determinant.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Single mosquito metatranscriptomics identifies vectors, emerging pathogens and reservoirs in one assay

    Joshua Batson et al.
    How large-scale single mosquito metatranscriptomics can define the mosquito’s complex microbiota and its blood meal sources, and contribute critical epidemiological information needed to control vector borne disease transmission, is shown.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The global burden of yellow fever

    Katy AM Gaythorpe et al.
    Yellow fever, a potentially deadly viral hemorrhagic fever, causes up to 82,000 deaths annually worldwide, and mass vaccination activities have reduced the burden by 47% in Africa.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Virus infection of the CNS disrupts the immune-neural-synaptic axis via induction of pleiotropic gene regulation of host responses

    Olga A Maximova et al.
    Virus infection of the central nervous system disrupts the homeostasis of the immune-neural-synaptic axis via induction of pleiotropic genes with an unintended off-target negative impact on the neurotransmission.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Principles of dengue virus evolvability derived from genotype-fitness maps in human and mosquito cells

    Patrick T Dolan et al.
    Distinct selective landscapes in mosquito and human cells shape dengue virus genetic diversity and highlight mechanisms of host adaptation in arboviruses.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary conflicts and adverse effects of antiviral factors

    Daniel Sauter, Frank Kirchhoff
    Innate antiviral factors do not always perfectly distinguish between self and foreign, and potential adverse effects of antiviral defense mechanisms for the host have been discussed.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular rationale for antibody-mediated targeting of the hantavirus fusion glycoprotein

    Ilona Rissanen et al.
    An integrated cryoEM and X-ray crystallography study resolves the structural basis for antibody-mediated targeting of the hantavirus fusion glycoprotein and provides insight into the conformational landscape of the hantavirion surface.

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