938 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Modeling transfer of vaginal microbiota from mother to infant in early life

    Martin Steen Mortensen et al.
    Modeling weighted transfer ratios enable statistical analysis of maternal–infant transfer at a more general level and can indicate whether any transfer is persistent, transient, or originates from alternate sources.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ca2+ signaling driving pacemaker activity in submucosal interstitial cells of Cajal in the murine colon

    Salah A Baker et al.
    An optogenetic dual-color Ca2+-imaging approach shows how submucosal pacemaker-cells, interstitial cells of Cajal, modulate smooth-muscle responses and drive colonic motility via complex Ca2+ signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hippocampal low-frequency stimulation prevents seizure generation in a mouse model of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy

    Enya Paschen et al.
    Optogenetic and electrical low-frequency stimulation in the sclerotic hippocampus prevents the emergence of spontaneous focal and evoked generalized seizures in a mouse epilepsy model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Isoform-specific roles for AKT in affective behavior, spatial memory, and extinction related to psychiatric disorders

    Helen Wong et al.
    Murine behavioral testing and biochemical experiments reveal AKT isoform- and sex-dependent mechanisms regulating affective behavior, memory formation, and extinction.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Therapeutic genetic variation revealed in diverse Hsp104 homologs

    Zachary M March et al.
    Exploring natural Hsp104 variation reveals unexpected tuning of a passive activity that inhibits aggregation of specific substrates to selectively counter TDP-43 or alpha-synuclein proteotoxicity connected to neurodegenerative disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural and mechanistic basis of the EMC-dependent biogenesis of distinct transmembrane clients

    Lakshmi E Miller-Vedam et al.
    Structure-function characterization of the EMC's cytoplasmic, transmembrane, and lumenal domains reveal features critical for terminal helix insertion and a specialized role for the lumenal domain in polytopic membrane protein biogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Multi-contrast anatomical subcortical structures parcellation

    Pierre-Louis Bazin et al.
    An open-source software tool enables the anatomical parcellation of an unprecedented number of subcortical structures in magnetic resonance images of the human brain, automatically and in individual subjects.
    1. Plant Biology

    Regulation of shoot meristem shape by photoperiodic signaling and phytohormones during floral induction of Arabidopsis

    Atsuko Kinoshita et al.
    The shoot meristem becomes domed in shape during floral transition and this is controlled by flowering pathways and the phytohormone gibberellin causing increases in cell size and number.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Calcium depletion challenges endoplasmic reticulum proteostasis by destabilising BiP-substrate complexes

    Steffen Preissler et al.
    Regulation of the endoplasmic reticulum chaperone BiP by calcium.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    MS-275, a class 1 histone deacetylase inhibitor augments glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonism to improve glycemic control and reduce obesity in diet-induced obese mice

    Shilpak Bele et al.
    Class 1 histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor MS-275 enhances the efficacy of glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) therapy for glycemic control and reduction of obesity.

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