277 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Membrane fluidity is regulated by the C. elegans transmembrane protein FLD-1 and its human homologs TLCD1/2

    Mario Ruiz et al.
    Inhibition of C. elegans FLD-1 or Human TLCD1/2 prevents saturated fat lipotoxicity by allowing increased levels of membrane phospholipids that contain fluidizing long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Point of View: Are theoretical results ‘Results’?

    Raymond E Goldstein
    There should be a prominent place for theory within biology papers, both as Results in papers that combine experiment and theory, and as Results in theory papers.
    1. Neuroscience

    Test of the 'glymphatic' hypothesis demonstrates diffusive and aquaporin-4-independent solute transport in rodent brain parenchyma

    Alex J Smith et al.
    Solute movement in brain extracellular space is determined by solute diffusion, and does not depend on convection or aquaporin-4 expression as predicted by the glymphatic mechanism.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Efficient protein targeting to the inner nuclear membrane requires Atlastin-dependent maintenance of ER topology

    Sumit Pawar et al.
    Efficient targeting of membrane proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the inner nuclear membrane depends on GTP hydrolysis by Atlastin GTPases and their function in maintaining an interconnected topology of the ER network.
    1. Cell Biology

    IFT trains in different stages of assembly queue at the ciliary base for consecutive release into the cilium

    Jenna L Wingfield et al.
    Multimegadalton intraflagellar transport (IFT) trains assemble by sequential recruitment of IFT subcomplexes from the cell body to the ciliary basal bodies and tubulin, the main IFT cargo, is loaded briefly before trains depart.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The major β-catenin/E-cadherin junctional binding site is a primary molecular mechano-transductor of differentiation in vivo

    Jens-Christian Röper et al.
    The primary molecular mechanosensor involved in a physiological process of mechanically induced cell fate differentiation is revealed here for the first time in vivo, highly sensitive and potentially shared by all metazoan epithelia.
    1. Cell Biology

    Heat stress promotes longevity in budding yeast by relaxing the confinement of age-promoting factors in the mother cell

    Sandro Baldi et al.
    To promote longevity under heat stress shares yeast aging factors with progeny through a down-regulation of the diffusion barrier in the membranes between the mitotic cells.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Polo-like kinase-dependent phosphorylation of the synaptonemal complex protein SYP-4 regulates double-strand break formation through a negative feedback loop.

    Saravanapriah Nadarajan et al.
    PLK-1/2-mediated SYP-4 phosphorylation is dependent on crossover precursor formation, triggering a switch in the dynamic state of the synaptonemal complex that reduces the formation of further double-strand breaks at late meiotic prophase.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The Chd1 chromatin remodeler shifts hexasomes unidirectionally

    Robert F Levendosky et al.
    Oriented hexasomes can be generated using the Widom 601 positioning sequence, which enables straightforward production of nucleosomes with asymmetrically modified H2A/H2B dimers.
    1. Cell Biology

    CPEB4 is regulated during cell cycle by ERK2/Cdk1-mediated phosphorylation and its assembly into liquid-like droplets

    Jordina Guillén-Boixet et al.
    CPEB4's switch from translational repressor to activator is regulated during cell cycle by hyperphosphorylation of its intrinsically disordered domain, which controls its phase-separation into RNA-containing liquid-like droplets.

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