3,395 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    The unfolded protein response in fission yeast modulates stability of select mRNAs to maintain protein homeostasis

    Philipp Kimmig et al.
    A unique form of regulation has been observed in the unfolded protein response of S. pombe, along with a novel mechanism of post-transcriptional mRNA processing.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Membrane immersion allows rhomboid proteases to achieve specificity by reading transmembrane segment dynamics

    Syed M Moin, Sinisa Urban
    Intramembrane proteases identify target proteins in a different way from other proteases.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Nascent-Seq reveals novel features of mouse circadian transcriptional regulation

    Jerome S Menet et al.
    Genome-wide measurements on mouse liver cells show that transcription, and a particular key transcription factor, have a smaller than expected influence on the mouse circadian system.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide is a functional receptor for human hepatitis B and D virus

    Huan Yan et al.
    Biochemical and genetic tests have revealed that a liver protein called NTCP is a functional receptor for hepatitis B and D viruses, which should lead to an improved understanding of the infections caused by these viruses and assist the development of new intervention strategies.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Synaptic proteins promote calcium-triggered fast transition from point contact to full fusion

    Jiajie Diao et al.
    A combination of advanced optical imaging and cryogenic electron microscopy has been used to explore membrane fusion in a synthetic system and provide new insights into neurotransmitter release.
    1. Neuroscience

    The activity-dependent histone variant H2BE modulates the life span of olfactory neurons

    Stephen W Santoro, Catherine Dulac
    A genome-organizing protein that is present only in the olfactory system of mice has been found to orchestrate changes in the relative numbers of different odor-sensing neurons on the basis of how active these neurons are.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    RecA filament sliding on DNA facilitates homology search

    Kaushik Ragunathan et al.
    A DNA–protein complex can find target sequences of bases in another DNA molecule by sliding along it.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    KDM2B links the Polycomb Repressive Complex 1 (PRC1) to recognition of CpG islands

    Anca M Farcas et al.
    A protein that can recognize regions of DNA with a high proportion of unmethylated CpG dinucleotides, and then recruit polycomb group proteins to these CpG islands, has been identified.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    rsEGFP2 enables fast RESOLFT nanoscopy of living cells

    Tim Grotjohann et al.
    The discovery of a fluorescent protein that can be rapidly switched between long-lived ‘on’ and ‘off’ states will lead to a new generation of super-resolution imaging experiments on living cells.

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