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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Myosin motors fragment and compact membrane-bound actin filaments

    Sven K Vogel et al.
    A combination of single-molecule imaging and an in vitro model of the cell cortex has allowed the interactions between actin filaments and filaments made of myosin II to be studied in detail.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Strong inter-population cooperation leads to partner intermixing in microbial communities

    Babak Momeni et al.
    Simulations and experiments on systems containing two different populations of microorganisms show that interactions that benefit at least one of the populations can lead to communities with stable compositions, and that strong cooperation between two populations can lead to communities in which both populations are mixed together.
    1. Neuroscience

    Changing the responses of cortical neurons from sub- to suprathreshold using single spikes in vivo

    Verena Pawlak et al.
    Changing the order in which presynaptic and postsynaptic cells are repeatedly activated can change what a mammalian visual cortex neuron communicates to downstream neurons.
    1. Plant Biology

    A virus responds instantly to the presence of the vector on the host and forms transmission morphs

    Alexandre Martinière et al.
    Cauliflower mosaic virus reacts immediately when aphids feed on the host plant, and this boosts its chances of being taken up and transmitted by the insects to a new plant.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    RNA-programmed genome editing in human cells

    Martin Jinek et al.
    A bacterial protein can be programmed with short RNA molecules to stimulate genome editing at specific sites in human cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Influenza-virus membrane fusion by cooperative fold-back of stochastically induced hemagglutinin intermediates

    Tijana Ivanovic et al.
    Long-lived intermediate states formed by glycoprotein catalysts are an essential part of the process used by influenza virus particles to infect cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mutual inhibition among postmitotic neurons regulates robustness of brain wiring in Drosophila

    Marion Langen et al.
    The Notch signaling pathway has a central role in the development of the nervous system, and also in the establishment of networks of connections in the adult brain
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The AFF4 scaffold binds human P-TEFb adjacent to HIV Tat

    Ursula Schulze-Gahmen et al.
    Structure-function analysis of the super elongation complex formed when HIV replicates inside cells reveals that the HIV-1 Tat protein binds to a cleft between P-TEFb, an enzyme that is involved in normal transcription, and AFF4, a protein that is used to build the super elongation complex
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Sugar promotes vegetative phase change in Arabidopsis thaliana by repressing the expression of MIR156A and MIR156C

    Li Yang et al.
    Sugar levels in leaves act as a signal for plants to switch from their juvenile to their adult form by regulating the expression of two genes.