3,787 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy reveals rerouting of SNARE trafficking driving dendritic cell activation

    Daniëlle Rianne José Verboogen et al.
    A novel microscopy-based assay shows that dendritic cells encountering pathogenic stimuli form increased complexes of specific SNARE proteins, driving release of large amounts of inflammatory cytokines.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A distinct tethering step is vital for vacuole membrane fusion

    Michael Zick, William T Wickner
    Rigorous assays of membrane fusion show that a distinct tethering step is required for lumenal compartment mixing in a manner that extends beyond simply increasing the amount of total trans-SNARE complex.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Engineered proteins detect spontaneous DNA breakage in human and bacterial cells

    Chandan Shee et al.
    Fluorescent derivatives of a bacteriophage protein that binds double-stranded ends can trap and label genome-destabilizing double-strand DNA breaks in bacterial and human cells, and illuminate the origins of spontaneous DNA breakage in both.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    SABRE populates ER domains essential for cell plate maturation and cell expansion influencing cell and tissue patterning

    Xiaohang Cheng, Magdalena Bezanilla
    SABRE, which is present in a wide range of eukaryotes, localizes to ER subdomains in plants, impacting cell expansion and callose deposition during cell plate maturation.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ca2+-dependent release of synaptotagmin-1 from the SNARE complex on phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate-containing membranes

    Rashmi Voleti et al.
    Ca2+-free synaptotagmin-1 binds to neuronal SNARE complexes anchored on nanodiscs, and Ca2+ releases this interaction to induce tight, specific binding to PIP2-containing membranes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Fluorescent sensors for activity and regulation of the nitrate transceptor CHL1/NRT1.1 and oligopeptide transporters

    Cheng-Hsun Ho, Wolf B Frommer
    Peptide and nitrate transporters have been converted into fluorescent reporters of transport activity and have been used to measure various transport properties including the dual affinity of the nitrate transceptor
    1. Neuroscience

    Nanoscale dynamics of synaptic vesicle trafficking and fusion at the presynaptic active zone

    Thirumalini Vaithianathan et al.
    A combination of tethered diffusion of release-ready synaptic vesicles and vesicle-vesicle fusion supports neurotransmitter release at the presynaptic active zone of sensory synapses.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Studying the biology of cytotoxic T lymphocytes in vivo with a fluorescent granzyme B-mTFP knock-in mouse

    Praneeth Chitirala et al.
    A new knock-in mouse endogenously labels cytotoxic granules and can be used with all modern super-resolution imaging techniques to study T cell function in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The wtf4 meiotic driver utilizes controlled protein aggregation to generate selective cell death

    Nicole L Nuckolls et al.
    The Wtf4 antidote protein assembles with the Wtf4 poison protein and promotes the transportation of the assembled proteins to the vacuole for sequestration or destruction.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dynamic NF-κB and E2F interactions control the priority and timing of inflammatory signalling and cell proliferation

    John M Ankers et al.
    Cell imaging and mathematical modelling show reciprocal cross-regulation between inflammatory signalling and cell cycle timing, which is mediated through functional interactions between NF-B and E2F proteins.

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