8,021 results found
  1. Point of View: The NIH must reduce disparities in funding to maximize its return on investments from taxpayers

    Wayne P Wahls
    A more balanced distribution of NIH grant funding among investigators would strengthen the diversity of the research enterprise, increase the likelihood of scientific breakthroughs, and lead to a greater return on taxpayers' investments.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    C-mannosylation supports folding and enhances stability of thrombospondin repeats

    Aleksandra Shcherbakova et al.
    C-mannosylation supports native folding of thrombospondin type 1 repeats in the endoplasmic reticulum and stabilizes the folded proteins by modulating the dynamics of the tryptophan-arginine ladder.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Cerebellar folding is initiated by mechanical constraints on a fluid-like layer without a cellular pre-pattern

    Andrew K Lawton et al.
    A multi-phase wrinkling model accounts for the radial and circumferential tension and differential expansion between a uniformly proliferating outer fluid-like layer and an incompressible core that together drive cerebellar folding.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Changes to social feeding behaviors are not sufficient for fitness gains of the Caenorhabditis elegans N2 reference strain

    Yuehui Zhao et al.
    Use of experimental manipulation demonstrates that social/solitary feeding behaviors are unrelated to the fitness gains conferred by causative alleles in two previously identified genes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Feedback optimizes neural coding and perception of natural stimuli

    Chengjie G Huang et al.
    Neurophysiological and behavioral approaches reveal how coordinated input from descending pathways shapes the tuning properties of electrosensory neurons in order to optimize coding of natural stimuli through temporal whitening.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hunger neurons drive feeding through a sustained, positive reinforcement signal

    Yiming Chen et al.
    Hunger neurons promote feeding by triggering a long-lasting potentiation of the rewarding properties of food.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    The angiopoietin-like protein ANGPTL4 catalyzes unfolding of the hydrolase domain in lipoprotein lipase and the endothelial membrane protein GPIHBP1 counteracts this unfolding

    Simon Mysling et al.
    Building on previous work (Mysling et al., 2016), it is shown that angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) inhibits lipoprotein lipase activity by catalyzing the unfolding of its hydrolase domain.
    1. Neuroscience

    An opioid-like system regulating feeding behavior in C. elegans

    Mi Cheong Cheong et al.
    The discovery that opioid neuropeptide neuronal signaling controls feeding behavior in a genetically tractable invertebrate model may help unravel the mechanisms of appetite control in humans.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Front-end Weber-Fechner gain control enhances the fidelity of combinatorial odor coding

    Nirag Kadakia, Thierry Emonet
    In multi-channel sensory systems, gain adaptation can help maintain not only coding capacity across changes in signal intensity, but also combinatorial representations of odor identity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic control of hippocampal spatial coding resolution by local visual cues

    Romain Bourboulou et al.
    Hippocampal spatial coding resolution can quickly adapt to local visual cues within a given environment.

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