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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mechanical force regulates tendon extracellular matrix organization and tenocyte morphogenesis through TGFbeta signaling

    Arul Subramanian et al.
    Perturbation of mechanical force at muscle attachments and its effects on tendon morphogenesis provides insights into the mechanisms underlying cellular responses to tensional force and resulting extracellular matrix production.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Single molecule compression reveals intra-protein forces drive cytotoxin pore formation

    Daniel M Czajkowsky et al.
    Compressive force spectroscopy of single molecules reveals that intra-protein forces underlie the long-distance coordination of structural changes within a cytotoxin during pore formation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Resolving dual binding conformations of cellulosome cohesin-dockerin complexes using single-molecule force spectroscopy

    Markus A Jobst et al.
    A single-molecule approach is able to discriminate the redundant binding conformations of cellulosomal dockerin based on differences in their mechanical properties.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Mechanical force induces mitochondrial fission

    Sebastian Carsten Johannes Helle et al.
    Mechanically stimulating mitochondria causes them to divide via the recruitment of the mitochondrial fission machinery to the mechanically strained site, showing that intracellular organelles can be mechanoresponsive.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cooperative unfolding of distinctive mechanoreceptor domains transduces force into signals

    Lining Ju et al.
    New biophysical methods and analyses visualize in real-time a chain of coordinated single-molecular events on a living cell, enabling the inner workings of a mechanoreceptor important to biology to be elucidated.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Differential interaction forces govern bacterial sorting in early biofilms

    Enno R Oldewurtel et al.
    Differential physical interactions between bacteria in mixed microcolonies trigger cell sorting.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Single-molecule force spectroscopy of protein-membrane interactions

    Lu Ma et al.
    A high-resolution method to quantify interactions between lipid bilayers and single proteins under controlled load is presented and applied to key proteins involved in membrane fusion and formation and maintenance of membrane contact sites.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Limitations to photosynthesis by proton motive force-induced photosystem II photodamage

    Geoffry A Davis et al.
    Storage of solar energy in the thylakoid electrical field by photosynthesis in vivo can substantially destabilize charge-separated states in photosystem II, leading to singlet oxygen production and photodamage, contributing to loss of productivity, especially under fluctuating light experienced in the field.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Elastic force restricts growth of the murine utricle

    Ksenia Gnedeva et al.
    Computational modeling and molecular-biological analysis reveal the role of mechanical force and downstream Yap signaling in growth control during the development and regeneration of sensory epithelium of the inner ear.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Conserved mechanisms of microtubule-stimulated ADP release, ATP binding, and force generation in transport kinesins

    Joseph Atherton et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy reconstructions of two microtubule-bound transport kinesins at 7 Å resolution reveal how microtubule track binding stimulates ADP release, primes the active site for ATP binding and enables force generation.