14 results found
    1. Ecology

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Point of View: Bioengineering horizon scan 2020

    Luke Kemp et al.
    20 emerging issues in bioengineering that will have profound impacts on society have been identified.
    1. Neuroscience

    Attention-related modulation of caudate neurons depends on superior colliculus activity

    James P Herman et al.
    The pattern of spatial attention preferences in caudate neurons is altered by superior colliculus inactivation, demonstrating that a superior colliculus to basal ganglia link is important for selective attention.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Rats exhibit similar biases in foraging and intertemporal choice tasks

    Gary A Kane et al.
    In both foraging and intertemporal choice tasks, rats prefer immediate rewards to delayed rewards, and this preference can be explained by a form of hyperbolic discounting.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ablation of SNX6 leads to defects in synaptic function of CA1 pyramidal neurons and spatial memory

    Yang Niu et al.
    SNX6 regulates the distribution of a protein called Homer1b/c to distal dendrites, enabling the latter to stabilize the synapses and thereby support memory formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anatomical and functional organization of the human substantia nigra and its connections

    Yu Zhang et al.
    The human substantia nigra can be parcellated into three subdivisions that subserve emotional, cognitive and somatomotor function.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Bone morphogenic protein signalling suppresses differentiation of pluripotent cells by maintaining expression of E-Cadherin

    Mattias Malaguti et al.
    The differentiation decisions made by pluripotent cells depend on their exposure to appropriate extrinsic signals and also on morphogenetic events that control receptivity to those differentiation cues.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    CytoCensus, mapping cell identity and division in tissues and organs using machine learning

    Martin Hailstone et al.
    Easy-to-use image analysis software enables single cell quantitation of cell types and division rates in complex 3D tissues including living Drosophila brains, mouse embryos and Zebrafish organoids.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Disentangling strictly self-serving mutations from win-win mutations in a mutualistic microbial community

    Samuel Frederick Mock Hart et al.
    Whereas partner-serving phenotype is intuitively quantified as benefit release rate, molecular genetics revealed an example where this thinking fails, motivating a more general metric.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Position-dependent plasticity of distinct progenitor types in the primitive streak

    Filip J Wymeersch et al.
    Neuromesodermal and lateral/ventral mesoderm progenitors represent distinct committed states, governed by separate regulatory logics.

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