77 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Science Forum: Vision, challenges and opportunities for a Plant Cell Atlas

    Plant Cell Atlas Consortium et al.
    A Plant Cell Atlas that shows the location and organization of molecules at cellular and tissue levels could have far-reaching consequences for plant sciences.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Loss of N1-methylation of G37 in tRNA induces ribosome stalling and reprograms gene expression

    Isao Masuda et al.
    Biochemical and genome-wide analysis demonstrates that m1G37 is important for tRNA aminoacylation and for the entire elongation cycle of protein synthesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Post-translational flavinylation is associated with diverse extracytosolic redox functionalities throughout bacterial life

    Raphaël Méheust et al.
    Bioinformatic and biochemical studies provide evidence that covalently bound flavins are common and participate in wide-ranging extracytosolic redox activities throughout bacterial life.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Biosynthesis of a sulfated exopolysaccharide, synechan, and bloom formation in the model cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803

    Kaisei Maeda et al.
    A potentially useful cyanobacterial sulfated exopolysaccharide and its biosynthesis and regulation genes, which contribute to the laboratorial bloom formation, are elucidated for the first time among prokaryotes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Microbial genetic and transcriptional contributions to oxalate degradation by the gut microbiota in health and disease

    Menghan Liu et al.
    A novel multi-omics framework revealed the taxonomic contribution to microbiota oxalate, demontrated O. formigenes as the dominating taxon transcriptionally, and identified specific IBD cohort at risk for oxalte toxicity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Control and regulation of acetate overflow in Escherichia coli

    Pierre Millard et al.
    Elucidating the control and regulation of acetate overflow in E. coli reveals that acetate is not only an end-product but also a co-substrate and a global regulator of glucose metabolism.
    1. Ecology

    Diversity and asynchrony in soil microbial communities stabilizes ecosystem functioning

    Cameron Wagg et al.
    Soil microbial diversity loss destabilizes the ability of the soil to function because greater diversity is needed to maintain temporal and functional asynchrony among different microbes.
    1. Plant Biology

    Regulation of photosynthetic electron flow on dark to light transition by ferredoxin:NADP(H) oxidoreductase interactions

    Manuela Kramer et al.
    The regulatory switch from protection to assimilation, which plants use to exploit natural, fluctuating light, involves movement of the enzyme ferredoxin:NADP(H) oxidoreductase between chloroplast membrane complexes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    Proximity proteomics in a marine diatom reveals a putative cell surface-to-chloroplast iron trafficking pathway

    Jernej Turnšek et al.
    An iron-sensitive gene cluster encodes proteins that co-localize with phytotransferrin endosomes and are involved in key intracellular iron transformation and trafficking processes in a model marine diatom.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Universal and taxon-specific trends in protein sequences as a function of age

    Jennifer E James et al.
    Ancient protein domains remain shaped by amino acid availability during early life, while young animal proteins are shaped by a need for high intrinsic structural disorder.

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