70 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Drep-2 is a novel synaptic protein important for learning and memory

    Till F M Andlauer et al.
    Drep-2 is the first representative of the evolutionary conserved CIDE-N protein family found at synapses and is required for associative learning by functionally intersecting with metabotropic signaling.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Beyond excitation/inhibition imbalance in multidimensional models of neural circuit changes in brain disorders

    Cian O'Donnell et al.
    Computational modeling and analysis of mouse neural population data finds that the excitation/inhibition imbalance theory of brain disorders is too limited to account for key changes in neural activity statistics.
    1. Neuroscience

    FMRP has a cell-type-specific role in CA1 pyramidal neurons to regulate autism-related transcripts and circadian memory

    Kirsty Sawicka et al.
    Identifying FMRP-bound mRNAs in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons reveals cell-type specific regulation of autism-candidate and circadian mRNAs and FMRP-mediated control of memory across the circadian cycle.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dysregulated Dscam levels act through Abelson tyrosine kinase to enlarge presynaptic arbors

    Gabriella R Sterne et al.
    Targeting Abelson kinase can be beneficial for treating disorders characterized by dysregulated Down Syndrome Cell Adhesion Molecule signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebral mGluR5 availability contributes to elevated sleep need and behavioral adjustment after sleep deprivation

    Sebastian C Holst et al.
    Multi-modal imaging, genetic and behavioral findings in humans and mice revealed that metabotropic glutamate receptors of subtype 5 contribute to the molecular machinery keeping track of sleep need and coping with physiological and behavioral consequences of sleep loss, pointing to novel targets for improved wakefulness and sleep.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Species-specific maturation profiles of human, chimpanzee and bonobo neural cells

    Maria C Marchetto et al.
    Using iPSCs as a model to study neurodevelopmental differences between human and nonhuman primates lays the groundwork for understanding aspects of human brain evolution and neurological disease susceptibility.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The novel lncRNA lnc-NR2F1 is pro-neurogenic and mutated in human neurodevelopmental disorders

    Cheen Euong Ang et al.
    lnc-Nr2f1, a long non-coding RNA focally deleted in autism patients, directly occupies and regulates neuronal genes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Essential role for SUN5 in anchoring sperm head to the tail

    Yongliang Shang et al.
    SUN5 is essential for the tight junction between sperm head and the head-tail coupling apparatus, and is the main cause of human acephalic spermatozoa syndrome.
    1. Neuroscience

    MEF2C regulates cortical inhibitory and excitatory synapses and behaviors relevant to neurodevelopmental disorders

    Adam J Harrington et al.
    Mice that lack the autism- and schizophrenia-linked gene MEF2C in cortical neurons have an imbalance of excitatory and inhibitory synapses, and impaired social and cognitive abilities.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    USP5/Leon deubiquitinase confines postsynaptic growth by maintaining ubiquitin homeostasis through Ubiquilin

    Chien-Hsiang Wang et al.
    Maintenance of ubiquitin homeostasis is essential for proper control of the size of postsynaptic density and the growth of specialized membrane structure.

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