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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A community-maintained standard library of population genetic models

    Jeffrey R Adrion et al.
    The stdpopsim library, a community-driven open source project, is presented which provides easy access to a standard catalog of published simulation models for population genetics aimed at field-wide standardization.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Evolutionary and functional insights into the mechanism underlying body-size-related adaptation of mammalian hemoglobin

    Olga Rapp, Ofer Yifrach
    Hemoglobin affinity and cooperativity reveal mechanistic insights in how the relation between physiology and evolutionary variations shape a protein's molecular property.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An integrative genomic analysis of the Longshanks selection experiment for longer limbs in mice

    João PL Castro et al.
    Genome sequencing of mice selected for longer limbs reveals that rapid selection response is due to both discrete loci and polygenic adaptation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A longitudinal study of Caenorhabditis elegans larvae reveals a novel locomotion switch, regulated by Gαs signaling

    Stanislav Nagy et al.
    C. elegans exhibits two distinct behavioural macro-states, active and quiet wakefulness, and protein kinase A regulates switching between these two states.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Supervised mutational signatures for obesity and other tissue-specific etiological factors in cancer

    Bahman Afsari et al.
    A supervised methodology for mutational signatures outperforms the current standard unsupervised approach revealing new tissue-dependent mutational signatures among which some for obesity.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Gene regulatory network reconstruction using single-cell RNA sequencing of barcoded genotypes in diverse environments

    Christopher A Jackson et al.
    Single cell expression data can be used to determine how regulatory transcription factors and target genes are connected, and is especially useful when studying transcription factors controlling heterogeneous cell states.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Inferring genetic interactions from comparative fitness data

    Kristina Crona et al.
    A new mathematical approach can infer higher order genetic interactions from pairwise fitness comparisons between genotypes.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Estimating the burden of α-thalassaemia in Thailand using a comprehensive prevalence database for Southeast Asia

    Carinna Hockham et al.
    The incorporation of as yet underused local epidemiological data on α-thalassaemia in Southeast Asia within a geostatistical model suggests that the burden of severe α-thalassaemia forms may have been underestimated.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and mechanistic features of the prokaryotic minimal RNase P

    Rebecca Feyh et al.
    The novel cryo-electron microscopy structure of a bacterial protein-only RNase P illustrates how a small protein oligomerizes into a dodecameric assembly to catalyze the 5’-end maturation of tRNAs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Orbital frontal cortex updates state-induced value change for decision-making

    Emily T Baltz et al.
    Orbital frontal cortex projection neuron activity is necessary to update state-dependent value change to control model-based behavior.