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7,188 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    General principles for the formation and proliferation of a wall-free (L-form) state in bacteria

    Romain Mercier et al.
    A wide range of bacterial species can switch into a cell wall-free state that does not require the FtsZ-based division machinery to proliferate.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural precursors of decisions that matter—an ERP study of deliberate and arbitrary choice

    Uri Maoz et al.
    The readiness potential—a long-established neural precursor of voluntary action claimed to precede the onset of the conscious decision to move—is absent, or at least significantly reduced, for deliberate decisions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures of S-OPA1 reveal its interactions with membrane and changes upon nucleotide binding

    Danyang Zhang et al.
    GTP binding induces rearrangement of S-OPA1 assembly on membrane and thus triggers membrane remodeling with reduced curvature.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Tunable molecular tension sensors reveal extension-based control of vinculin loading

    Andrew S LaCroix et al.
    A quantitative understanding of molecular tension sensor function enables the production of unique sensors with desired mechanical properties as well as the ability to distinguish between protein force and protein deformation in mechanosensitive processes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Increased H+ efflux is sufficient to induce dysplasia and necessary for viability with oncogene expression

    Bree K Grillo-Hill et al.
    Increasing the internal pH of cells can induce dysplasia and enhance oncogene-increased cell growth, while decreasing the internal pH combined with oncogene expression leads to synthetic lethality.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Phenotypic diversity and temporal variability in a bacterial signaling network revealed by single-cell FRET

    Johannes M Keegstra et al.
    Noise in a signaling network comprising thousands of molecules shapes diversity across cell populations and generates giant temporal fluctuations at the single-cell level.
    1. Neuroscience

    Balancing model-based and memory-free action selection under competitive pressure

    Atsushi Kikumoto, Ulrich Mayr
    People compete by trying to outsmart their opponents as long as they win, but show random behavior, and neural signs of suppressing knowledge about opponents’ strategies, when they lose.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Amino acid synthesis loss in parasitoid wasps and other hymenopterans

    Xinhai Ye et al.
    The synthesis capability of some amino acids is lost during the insect evolution, and hymenopteran parasitoids can make up for these deficiencies by altering free amino acid concentrations in host.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    FLEXIQuant-LF to quantify protein modification extent in label-free proteomics data

    Christoph N Schlaffner et al.
    FLEXIQuant-LF provides the framework to enable large-scale identification of differentially modified peptides and quantification of their modification extent in label-free mass spectrometry data without prior knowledge of the modification type.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Metazoan evolution of glutamate receptors reveals unreported phylogenetic groups and divergent lineage-specific events

    David Ramos-Vicente et al.
    The animal phylogeny of glutamate receptors indicates that vertebrate types do not account for all receptor classes originated during evolution, neither are they the pinnacle of a linear evolutive process.

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