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    1. Neuroscience

    Phase-tuned neuronal firing encodes human contextual representations for navigational goals

    Andrew J Watrous et al.
    Prospective navigational goals are represented by single neuron firing rates and firing relative to slow oscillatory phase (phase coding) in the human medial temporal lobe.
    1. Neuroscience

    A hierarchy of timescales explains distinct effects of local inhibition of primary visual cortex and frontal eye fields

    Luca Cocchi et al.
    The selective effect of local inhibition on diffuse patterns of brain connectivity can be accounted for by an intrinsic hierarchical ordering of cortical timescales.
    1. Neuroscience

    Corticothalamic phase synchrony and cross-frequency coupling predict human memory formation

    Catherine M Sweeney-Reed et al.
    Direct electrophysiological evidence demonstrates a role for the anterior thalamic nucleus in human memory formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    The influence of the descending pain modulatory system on infant pain-related brain activity

    Sezgi Goksan et al.
    Greater connectivity of the descending pain modulatory system network in the infant brain is associated with lower pain-related brain activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dichotomous organization of amygdala/temporal-prefrontal bundles in both humans and monkeys

    Davide Folloni et al.
    Amygdala/temporal-prefrontal cortex fibers are organised in separate amygdalofugal and uncinate bundles in humans and macaques, shaping the anatomical foundation for decision-making and socio-emotional behaviour.
    1. Neuroscience

    Comparisons between the ON- and OFF-edge motion pathways in the Drosophila brain

    Kazunori Shinomiya et al.
    A complete connectome of the ON and OFF motion pathways of the Drosophila optic lobe is acquired using three-dimensional EM methods, and the similarities and differences of the two pathways are uncovered.
    1. Neuroscience

    Threat of shock increases excitability and connectivity of the intraparietal sulcus

    Nicholas L Balderston et al.
    Multimodal neuroimaging was used to study the effect of threat on spontaneous brain activity and functional connectivity, and demonstrated that threat increases both activity and connectivity of the intraparietal sulcus, a key node in the frontoparietal attention network.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The proneural wave in the Drosophila optic lobe is driven by an excitable reaction-diffusion mechanism

    David J Jörg et al.
    A model of signalling pathways interacting with proneural gene expression explains the sequential patterning of the largest visual processing centre in the developing Drosophila brain.
    1. Cell Biology

    Muscle-specific stress fibers give rise to sarcomeres in cardiomyocytes

    Aidan M Fenix et al.
    Sarcomeres in heart muscle cells come from stress fiber-like structures that are mechanistically distinct from stress fibers in non-muscle cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Low-frequency neural activity reflects rule-based chunking during speech listening

    Peiqing Jin et al.
    Neuroimaging reveals that the brain response to spoken language can be better explained by rule-based models than statistical models recently developed in artificial intelligence research.