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    1. Neuroscience

    Altered functional connectivity during speech perception in congenital amusia

    Kyle Jasmin et al.
    Individuals with amusia, who have unreliable pitch processing, show decreased functional connectivity between right auditory and left language-related cortex during speech perception, demonstrating a neural basis for compensatory dimensional weighting.
    1. Neuroscience

    Temporal selectivity declines in the aging human auditory cortex

    Julia Erb et al.
    The aged human auditory cortex shows preserved tonotopy, but temporal modulations are represented with a markedly broader tuning, highlighting decreased temporal selectivity as a hallmark of the aging auditory cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional gradients of the cerebellum

    Xavier Guell et al.
    Cerebellar functional regions follow a gradual organization, which progresses from primary (motor) to transmodal (Default Mode Network) regions, and a secondary axis extends from task-unfocused to task-focused processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Odor-evoked category reactivation in human ventromedial prefrontal cortex during sleep promotes memory consolidation

    Laura K Shanahan et al.
    Odor cues in sleep evoke content-specific signatures of neural reactivation in visual and prefrontal brain areas that predict subsequent memory performance in the wake state.
    1. Neuroscience

    A hierarchy of timescales explains distinct effects of local inhibition of primary visual cortex and frontal eye fields

    Luca Cocchi et al.
    The selective effect of local inhibition on diffuse patterns of brain connectivity can be accounted for by an intrinsic hierarchical ordering of cortical timescales.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frequency-selective control of cortical and subcortical networks by central thalamus

    Jia Liu et al.
    Central thalamus relay neurons dynamically switch the activity of cortical and subcortical networks at distinct frequencies, providing a mechanism for this region's role in arousal regulation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional subregions of the human entorhinal cortex

    Anne Maass et al.
    By employing high-field fMRI to measure connectivity with the hippocampus and adjacent parahippocampal structures within the medial temporal lobe, it is shown that the entorhinal cortex can be divided into anterior-lateral and posterior-medial subregions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ultra-high-field imaging reveals increased whole brain connectivity underpins cognitive strategies that attenuate pain

    Enrico Schulz et al.
    A single-trial whole-brain analysis of three cognitive strategies to attenuate pain shows that a more effective pain attenuation is associated with increased functional connectivity across the entire brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    GABA, not BOLD, reveals dissociable learning-dependent plasticity mechanisms in the human brain

    Polytimi Frangou et al.
    Combining GABA with fMRI measurements in the human brain uncovers distinct suppression mechanisms that optimize perceptual decisions through learning and experience-dependent plasticity in the visual cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    The hierarchical organization of the lateral prefrontal cortex

    Derek Evan Nee, Mark D'Esposito
    Areas in the middle of the lateral prefrontal cortex select behaviors by taking into account both current and future needs.