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    1. Neuroscience

    Odor-evoked category reactivation in human ventromedial prefrontal cortex during sleep promotes memory consolidation

    Laura K Shanahan et al.
    Odor cues in sleep evoke content-specific signatures of neural reactivation in visual and prefrontal brain areas that predict subsequent memory performance in the wake state.
    1. Neuroscience

    A hierarchy of timescales explains distinct effects of local inhibition of primary visual cortex and frontal eye fields

    Luca Cocchi et al.
    The selective effect of local inhibition on diffuse patterns of brain connectivity can be accounted for by an intrinsic hierarchical ordering of cortical timescales.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional gradients of the cerebellum

    Xavier Guell et al.
    Cerebellar functional regions follow a gradual organization, which progresses from primary (motor) to transmodal (Default Mode Network) regions, and a secondary axis extends from task-unfocused to task-focused processing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional subregions of the human entorhinal cortex

    Anne Maass et al.
    By employing high-field fMRI to measure connectivity with the hippocampus and adjacent parahippocampal structures within the medial temporal lobe, it is shown that the entorhinal cortex can be divided into anterior-lateral and posterior-medial subregions.
    1. Neuroscience

    GABA, not BOLD, reveals dissociable learning-dependent plasticity mechanisms in the human brain

    Polytimi Frangou et al.
    Combining GABA with fMRI measurements in the human brain uncovers distinct suppression mechanisms that optimize perceptual decisions through learning and experience-dependent plasticity in the visual cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    The hierarchical organization of the lateral prefrontal cortex

    Derek Evan Nee, Mark D'Esposito
    Areas in the middle of the lateral prefrontal cortex select behaviors by taking into account both current and future needs.
    1. Neuroscience

    A prediction model of working memory across health and psychiatric disease using whole-brain functional connectivity

    Masahiro Yamashita et al.
    Human neuroimaging and machine learning reveals a generalizable relationship between brain connectivity and working memory ability across healthy populations and distinct psychiatric diagnoses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Consolidation alters motor sequence-specific distributed representations

    Basile Pinsard et al.
    The consolidation of newly acquired motor skills induces a functional reorganization of sequential information representations within secondary motor cortex, basal ganglia and hippocampus.
    1. Neuroscience

    The heritability of multi-modal connectivity in human brain activity

    Giles L Colclough et al.
    Genes play an important role in determining the strength of functional connectivity in the human brain, and seem to outweigh the contribution from the developmental environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cortical connectivity of the periaqueductal gray and the conditioned response to the threat of breathlessness

    Olivia K Faull, Kyle TS Pattinson
    Building on previous work (Faull et al, 2016), it shown that the different connectivity profiles of the individual columns of the human periaqueductal gray support their proposed roles in human threat behaviours, such as freezing or fight/flight.