5,137 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Fibrinogen αC-subregions critically contribute blood clot fibre growth, mechanical stability, and resistance to fibrinolysis

    Helen R McPherson et al.
    Fibrinogen, a key protein involved in blood coagulation, contains a disordered and previously poorly characterised region called αC that plays a critical role in fibrin fibre growth and clot stability.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A functional genetic toolbox for human tissue-derived organoids

    Dawei Sun et al.
    To facilitate human developmental biology research, CRISPR-mediated homologous recombination, tightly inducible gene knockdowns (CRISPRi) and overexpression (CRISPRa) have been efficiently applied to human organoids.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IRAK1-dependent Regnase-1-14-3-3 complex formation controls Regnase-1-mediated mRNA decay

    Kotaro Akaki et al.
    Regnase-1, an RNase suppressing proinflammatory mRNAs, interacts with 14-3-3, which diminishes cytokine mRNA recognition and the nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling of Regnase-1 under inflammatory conditions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    SLC1A5 provides glutamine and asparagine necessary for bone development in mice

    Deepika Sharma et al.
    Osteoblasts utilize an elegant mechanism by which they obtain and subsequently synthesize the requisite amino acids to support osteoblast differentiation and bone formation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Collagen polarization promotes epithelial elongation by stimulating locoregional cell proliferation

    Hiroko Katsuno-Kambe et al.
    Integrin- and ERK signaling stimulates mammary epithelial cell proliferation when extracellular collagen condenses, causing asymmetric growth of multicellular aggregates that is necessary for elongation during branching morphogenesis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Pathogenic LRRK2 control of primary cilia and Hedgehog signaling in neurons and astrocytes of mouse brain

    Shahzad S Khan et al.
    Striatal cholinergic interneurons and astrocytes lose cilia and show dysregulation of Hedgehog signaling in mice with a Parkinson's disease-associated, G2019S LRRK2 mutation or upon loss of PPM1H phosphatase specific for LRRK2-phosphorylated Rab GTPases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Excitatory and inhibitory receptors utilize distinct post- and trans-synaptic mechanisms in vivo

    Taisuke Miyazaki et al.
    Excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic receptors are maintained at corresponded postsynaptic sites with the different dependency of presynaptic neurons in the mature mammalian brain.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    RNF43 inhibits WNT5A-driven signaling and suppresses melanoma invasion and resistance to the targeted therapy

    Tomasz Radaszkiewicz et al.
    RNF43 interacts with receptor complexes of the Wnt/PCP signaling and its enzymatic activity results in the reduced cells sensitivity to WNT5A what translates in melanoma into decreased invasive properties and increased response to targeted therapies of this skin cancer.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Fascin limits Myosin activity within Drosophila border cells to control substrate stiffness and promote migration

    Maureen C Lamb et al.
    Collectively migrating cells control their stiffness by Fascin-dependent control of Myosin activity, and this migratory cell stiffness regulates Myosin activity and stiffness within the cellular substrate to ultimately promote migration.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Divergent acyl carrier protein decouples mitochondrial Fe-S cluster biogenesis from fatty acid synthesis in malaria parasites

    Seyi Falekun et al.
    Malaria parasites have simplified and adapted their mitochondrial metabolism to lack fatty acid synthesis but retain an unusual acyl carrier protein required for stability of the core iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis complex.

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