Fibrinogen, a key protein involved in blood coagulation, contains a disordered and previously poorly characterised region called αC that plays a critical role in fibrin fibre growth and clot stability.
To facilitate human developmental biology research, CRISPR-mediated homologous recombination, tightly inducible gene knockdowns (CRISPRi) and overexpression (CRISPRa) have been efficiently applied to human organoids.
Regnase-1, an RNase suppressing proinflammatory mRNAs, interacts with 14-3-3, which diminishes cytokine mRNA recognition and the nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling of Regnase-1 under inflammatory conditions.
Integrin- and ERK signaling stimulates mammary epithelial cell proliferation when extracellular collagen condenses, causing asymmetric growth of multicellular aggregates that is necessary for elongation during branching morphogenesis.
Striatal cholinergic interneurons and astrocytes lose cilia and show dysregulation of Hedgehog signaling in mice with a Parkinson's disease-associated, G2019S LRRK2 mutation or upon loss of PPM1H phosphatase specific for LRRK2-phosphorylated Rab GTPases.
RNF43 interacts with receptor complexes of the Wnt/PCP signaling and its enzymatic activity results in the reduced cells sensitivity to WNT5A what translates in melanoma into decreased invasive properties and increased response to targeted therapies of this skin cancer.
Collectively migrating cells control their stiffness by Fascin-dependent control of Myosin activity, and this migratory cell stiffness regulates Myosin activity and stiffness within the cellular substrate to ultimately promote migration.
Malaria parasites have simplified and adapted their mitochondrial metabolism to lack fatty acid synthesis but retain an unusual acyl carrier protein required for stability of the core iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis complex.