5,137 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Development of antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity function in HIV-1 antibodies

    Laura E Doepker et al.
    HIV-specific antibodies that mediate antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity vary in their paths to achieve function but commonly rely on mutations in multiple regions, including framework regions, to reach full potency.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Massive antibody discovery used to probe structure–function relationships of the essential outer membrane protein LptD

    Kelly M Storek et al.
    Dispensable loops shield the functionally-important extracellular loops of the essential Gram-negative bacterial outer membrane protein LptD from antibody interference.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Functional development of a V3/glycan-specific broadly neutralizing antibody isolated from a case of HIV superinfection

    Mackenzie M Shipley et al.
    A bnAb derived from a case of HIV superinfection has distinct qualities from other HIV-specific bnAbs, including framework residues that contribute to neutralization breadth and a unique viral escape profile.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rare missense variants in the human cytosolic antibody receptor preserve antiviral function

    Jingwei Zeng et al.
    Studying the impact of natural variation on a key immune gene highlights how focusing on a single wild-type sequence overlooks that rare variants cause the most disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Preserving neuromuscular synapses in ALS by stimulating MuSK with a therapeutic agonist antibody

    Sarah Cantor et al.
    An agonist antibody to MuSK, delivered after disease onset, decreases the loss of neuromuscular synapses, improves motor function and extends the lifespan of ALS mice.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A potent human neutralizing antibody Fc-dependently reduces established HBV infections

    Dan Li et al.
    A novel and potent receptor-binding-blockage human neutralizing antibody prevents HBV infection, and suppresses HBV infection therapeutically in HBV-infected mice.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Developing a multivariate prediction model of antibody features associated with protection of malaria-infected pregnant women from placental malaria

    Elizabeth H Aitken et al.
    Machine learning identified six protective antibody features and showed for the first time that serological markers can predict protection from placental-malaria, which is important for evaluation and development of vaccines.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The allosteric modulation of complement C5 by knob domain peptides

    Alex Macpherson et al.
    Structural and functional analysis of a new class of low-molecular-weight antibody fragments, derived from bovine immunoglobulins, reveals their therapeutic potential against C5, a target for refractory inflammatory diseases.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Human cytomegalovirus antagonizes activation of Fcγ receptors by distinct and synergizing modes of IgG manipulation

    Philipp Kolb et al.
    Molecular mechanisms reveal that human cytomegalovirus has evolved to deploy two individual glycoproteins working in synergy to efficiently evade antibody-mediated immunity mediated by Fc-gamma receptors.
    1. Cell Biology

    LAP2alpha maintains a mobile and low assembly state of A-type lamins in the nuclear interior

    Nana Naetar et al.
    The lamin A/C binding protein LAP2α inhibits formation of higher order lamin structures in the nuclear interior in a lamin A/C-phosphorylation-independent manner, thereby regulating chromatin mobility.

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