3,977 results found
    1. Ecology

    Genomic adaptations in information processing underpin trophic strategy in a whole-ecosystem nutrient enrichment experiment

    Jordan G Okie et al.
    Trait-based metagenomic analysis of an ecosystem fertilization experiment shows that genomic traits that affect the costs and rates of biochemical information-processing mediate community assembly.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Quantitative analysis of 1300-nm three-photon calcium imaging in the mouse brain

    Tianyu Wang et al.
    Quantitative experiments and analysis determine the limit of excitation power of 1300-nm three-photon microscopy, and the imaging depth where three-photon outperforms two-photon for calcium imaging in the mouse brain.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Synteny-based analyses indicate that sequence divergence is not the main source of orphan genes

    Nikolaos Vakirlis et al.
    Homology information implicit in regions of conserved synteny allows quantification of gene origination by complete sequence divergence, revealing a larger-than-expected role for other mechanisms of origin, including de novo origination.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A widely distributed metalloenzyme class enables gut microbial metabolism of host- and diet-derived catechols

    Vayu Maini Rekdal et al.
    A previously unrecognized group of metalloenzymes enables human gut microbes to metabolize dietary molecules and neurotransmitters and likely mediates interactions and metabolism among environmental microorganisms.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Imp/IGF2BP levels modulate individual neural stem cell growth and division through myc mRNA stability

    Tamsin J Samuels et al.
    Single molecule mRNA imaging uncovers post-transcriptional regulation of myc mRNA, via a cell-intrinsic mechanism allowing individualised control of neural stem cell proliferation during Drosophila brain development.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial interspecies interactions modulate pH-mediated antibiotic tolerance

    Andrés Aranda-Díaz et al.
    Shifts in pH that result from metabolic interactions between members of the Drosophila gut microbiota were sufficient to modulate Lactobacillus plantarum tolerance to the antibiotics rifampin and erythromycin.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Neonatal-derived IL-17 producing dermal γδ T cells are required to prevent spontaneous atopic dermatitis

    Nicholas A Spidale et al.
    Neonatal-origin dermal Tγδ17 cells are required to maintain normal keratinocytes and prevent spontaneous atopic dermatitis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ser/Thr kinase Trc controls neurite outgrowth in Drosophila by modulating microtubule-microtubule sliding

    Rosalind Norkett et al.
    Microtubule-microtubule sliding and neurite outgrowth in Drosophila is controlled by a Ser/Thr kinase Tricornered via phosphorylation of a 'mitotic' motor protein Pavarotti.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Hidden long-range memories of growth and cycle speed correlate cell cycles in lineage trees

    Erika E Kuchen et al.
    The combination of statistical inference and perturbation experiments reveals that trans-generational inheritance of cell size and cell-cycle speed, coupled through a minimum-size checkpoint, shapes paradoxical cell-cycle correlations in lineage trees.

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