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9,358 results found
    1. Ecology

    Plant diversity maintains multiple soil functions in future environments

    Nico Eisenhauer et al.
    Empirical evidence shows that conserving local plant diversity is a robust strategy to maintain multiple valuable ecosystem services provided by soils in both present and future environmental conditions.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The diversity and function of sourdough starter microbiomes

    Elizabeth A Landis et al.
    In the most comprehensive survey of sourdough starter biodiversity, this work identifies processes that control the diversity and function of sourdough microbiomes at a continental scale.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Independent evolution of ancestral and novel defenses in a genus of toxic plants (Erysimum, Brassicaceae)

    Tobias Züst et al.
    A gain-of-function in a new chemical defense resulted in no trade-offs and and independent evolution between novel and ancestral defenses, suggesting low redundancy among different defensive chemicals.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Transcriptional profiling reveals extraordinary diversity among skeletal muscle tissues

    Erin E Terry et al.
    There is no such thing as a representative skeletal muscle tissue, as each member of this family of tissues expresses a specialized mRNA program.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Ecology

    Combining agent-based, trait-based and demographic approaches to model coral-community dynamics

    Bruno Sylvain Carturan et al.
    A new agent-based model enables predicting how coral species richness and functional diversity affect the functioning and resilience of coral reef ecosystems.
    1. Neuroscience

    A connectional hub in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex links areas of emotion and cognitive control

    Wei Tang et al.
    A hub in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex receives unusually high and functionally diverse inputs, providing a biological interface between motivation, incentive based learning, and decision making.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial symbiont subpopulations have different roles in a deep-sea symbiosis

    Tjorven Hinzke et al.
    Physiological differentiation during symbiosis leads to division of labor between smaller and larger cells in an uncultured bacterial tubeworm symbiont population and results in remarkable metabolic diversity and complexity.
    1. Neuroscience

    In vivo functional diversity of midbrain dopamine neurons within identified axonal projections

    Navid Farassat et al.
    Midbrain dopamine neurons function according to their axonal projections in the intact brain.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Quantitative modeling of the effect of antigen dosage on B-cell affinity distributions in maturating germinal centers

    Marco Molari et al.
    Detailed and inferred model reproduces B-cell affinity distributions measured in mice immunized according to various protocols and explains non-monotonous effects of antigen dosage on maturation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms and functional roles of glutamatergic synapse diversity in a cerebellar circuit

    Valeria Zampini et al.
    Unipolar brush cells within the cerebellum show highly variable responses to input from the inner ear, and this variability boosts the learning of motor skills.

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