108 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanistic Microbiome Studies: A Special Issue

    Edited by Wendy S Garrett et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the mechanistic understanding of microbiome function.
  1. March 2016

    Episode 28: March 2016

    In this episode we hear about aging, artificial fingertips, ancient DNA, antibiotic resistance and dengue fever.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Severe infections emerge from commensal bacteria by adaptive evolution

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Life-threatening S. aureus infections emerge from commensal nose bacteria in association with repeatable adaptive evolution.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Contesting the presence of wheat in the British Isles 8,000 years ago by assessing ancient DNA authenticity from low-coverage data

    Clemens L Weiß et al.
    A computational method to authenticate low-coverage ancient DNA experiments shows that putative wheat sequences from 8000 years old sediments are most likely not of ancient origin.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Privatisation rescues function following loss of cooperation

    Sandra Breum Andersen et al.
    A population of pathogenic bacteria is found to respond to the loss of cooperation by privatising an essential function.
    1. Cancer Biology

    MPDZ promotes DLL4-induced Notch signaling during angiogenesis

    Fabian Tetzlaff et al.
    The multiple PDZ domain protein recruits Notch ligands to Nectin-2, which increases Notch signaling activity during angiogenesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Structural basis for AcrVA4 inhibition of specific CRISPR-Cas12a

    Gavin J Knott et al.
    An ancestral helical bundle governs whether the crRNA-processing nuclease of CRISPR-Cas12a is exploited by a phage-encoded allosteric anti-CRISPR.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cohabiting family members share microbiota with one another and with their dogs

    Se Jin Song et al.
    Research on humans and dogs reveals that the communities of microorganisms found on the skin, on the tongue and in the intestine are affected differently by age and cohabitation.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Reconstructing the functions of endosymbiotic Mollicutes in fungus-growing ants

    Panagiotis Sapountzis et al.
    Domestication of endosymbiotic Mollicutes may have resolved nitrogen-recycling challenges for attine ants and enabled the evolutionary derived leaf-cutting ants to fully exploit their herbivorous niches.

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