4,270 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Urocortin-3 neurons in the mouse perifornical area promote infant-directed neglect and aggression

    Anita E Autry et al.
    Genetic and functional manipulations uncover urocortin-3-expressing neurons in the perifornical area of the hypothalamus as a dedicated circuit component for the expression of infant-directed neglect and aggression in mice.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Analysis of meiosis in Pristionchus pacificus reveals plasticity in homolog pairing and synapsis in the nematode lineage

    Regina Rillo-Bohn et al.
    Investigation of meiosis in the nematode Pristionchus pacificus has illuminated evolutionary variation in this essential aspect of reproduction and established a new model for future study.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptotagmin 7 is targeted to the axonal plasma membrane through γ-secretase processing to promote synaptic vesicle docking in mouse hippocampal neurons

    Jason D Vevea et al.
    Synaptotagmin 7 is asymmetrically localized to the axonal plasma membrane through γ-secretase processing to promote vesicle docking during short-term synaptic plasticity in mouse hippocampal neurons.
    1. Medicine

    Aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip reveals impaired mitochondrial dynamics as a therapeutic target for aortic aneurysm in bicuspid aortic valve disease

    Mieradilijiang Abudupataer et al.
    An aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip model indicated that NOTCH1 insufficiency in HAoSMCs induced phenotypic switching from a contractile to a synthetic phenotype accompanied by an impairment of mitochondrial fusion, implying its potential role as a therapeutic target for BAV-TAA.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glycolytic preconditioning in astrocytes mitigates trauma-induced neurodegeneration

    Rene Solano Fonseca et al.
    Promoting a Warburg-like shift in astrocytic metabolism through reduced mitochondrial electron transport accommodates the energetic burden caused by brain trauma without overwhelming cellular respiration and redox to salvage dopaminergic neurons.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Precise optical control of gene expression in C elegans using improved genetic code expansion and Cre recombinase

    Lloyd Davis et al.
    A method combining optimised genetic code expansion and optogenetics allows dissection of neural circuits with single-cell precision in freely moving animals.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Ascorbic acid supports ex vivo generation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells from circulating hematopoietic stem cells

    Anders Laustsen et al.
    Probing of various culture conditions leads to fundamental advances in ex vivo production of plasmacytoid dendritic cells for use in immunotherapy.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The pro-regenerative effects of hyperIL6 in drug-induced liver injury are unexpectedly due to competitive inhibition of IL11 signaling

    Jinrui Dong et al.
    IL6ST (gp130) binding proteins, such as HyperIL6, promote liver regrowth in a STAT3-indpependent manner through competitive inhibition of anti-regenerative IL11 signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The development of active binocular vision under normal and alternate rearing conditions

    Lukas Klimmasch et al.
    A new computational model explains how alternate rearing conditions affect the development of binocular vision.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Mesenchymal stromal cell aging impairs the self-organizing capacity of lung alveolar epithelial stem cells

    Diptiman Chanda et al.
    Lung stem cell niche aging is associated with altered bioenergetics, metabolic dysfunction, and senescence of mesenchymal stromal cells that restricts 3D organoid, or alveolosphere formation, potentially accounting for reduced regenerative capacity with aging.

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