1,198 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    In vivo imaging of β-cell function reveals glucose-mediated heterogeneity of β-cell functional development

    Jia Zhao et al.
    In vivo imaging reveals that gradually increased amount of glucose mediates the heterogeneous functional development of individual β-cells by activating its major downstream calcineurin/NFAT signaling pathway.
    1. Cell Biology

    Identification of functionally distinct fibro-inflammatory and adipogenic stromal subpopulations in visceral adipose tissue of adult mice

    Chelsea Hepler et al.
    Fibro-inflammatory progenitors represent a subpopulation of perivascular cells in visceral adipose tissues of mice that promote inflammation and fibrosis.
    1. Cancer Biology

    R-propranolol is a small molecule inhibitor of the SOX18 transcription factor in a rare vascular syndrome and hemangioma

    Jeroen Overman et al.
    Identification of the R(+)-propranolol enantiomer as an inhibitor of the SOX18 transcription factor activity breaks open potential of drug repurposing in vascular diseases.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stress responsive miR-31 is a major modulator of mouse intestinal stem cells during regeneration and tumorigenesis

    Yuhua Tian et al.
    miR-31 drives proliferation of intestinal stem cells, and protects intestinal stem cells against apoptosis both during homeostasis and regeneration in response to ionizing radiation injury, and promotes intestinal tumorigenesis through regulation of multiple signaling pathways.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Defining the function of OmpA in the Rcs stress response

    Kilian Dekoninck et al.
    In vivo and in vitro approaches uncover a new function for the β-barrel OmpA and reveal how it interacts with the stress sensor lipoprotein RcsF.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A motogenic GABAergic system of mononuclear phagocytes facilitates dissemination of coccidian parasites

    Amol K Bhandage et al.
    Intracellular parasites hijack a conserved GABAergic system of immune cells to promote dissemination.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Umbilical cord blood-derived ILC1-like cells constitute a novel precursor for mature KIR+NKG2A- NK cells

    Sabrina Bianca Bennstein et al.
    Neonatal ILC1-like cells are functionally immature but have the unique potential to generate NK cells characterized by downregulation of NKG2A and a highly diverse KIR receptor repertoire.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionarily distant I domains can functionally replace the essential ligand-binding domain of Plasmodium TRAP

    Dennis Klug et al.
    Exchange of the I domain in the Plasmodium surface protein TRAP against evolutionary distant I domains rescues infectivity of sporozoites.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The cJUN NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway promotes genome stability and prevents tumor initiation

    Nomeda Girnius et al.
    Mutational inactivation of the JNK signaling pathway causes genomic instability and breast cancer development.
    1. Developmental Biology

    An oxygen-insensitive Hif-3α isoform inhibits Wnt signaling by destabilizing the nuclear β-catenin complex

    Peng Zhang et al.
    Hif/Hif-3α has two distinct roles in cells: activating HRE-dependent gene expression and binding to β-catenin to destabilize the nuclear β-catenin complex.

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