546 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural activity in a hippocampus-like region of the teleost pallium is associated with active sensing and navigation

    Haleh Fotowat et al.
    Sparse firing in a hippocampus-like structure of the teleost telencephalon is linked to spatial navigation and active sensing.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Essential metabolism for a minimal cell

    Marian Breuer et al.
    A near-complete flux balance analysis model of a minimal cell demonstrates the high essentiality of its metabolic genes, agrees well with experimental essentiality data and suggests some further gene removals.
    1. Neuroscience

    A virtual burrow assay for head–fixed mice measures habituation, discrimination, exploration and avoidance without training

    Andrew JP Fink et al.
    A naturalistic assay for head-fixed mice permits observation of a diverse set of innate and learned behaviors without requiring any training.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Deficit of mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase 1 (DUSP1) accelerates progressive hearing loss

    Adelaida M Celaya et al.
    Mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase 1 (DUSP1) deficiency causes early redox imbalance and increased inflammatory response in the cochlea, leading to cell loss and progressive neurosensory hearing loss.
    1. Neuroscience

    Generalization of learned responses in the mormyrid electrosensory lobe

    Conor Dempsey et al.
    In vivo recordings and computational modeling of the electrosensory lobe of mormyrid fish provide a circuit-level description of how learning generalizes to new situations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bed nucleus of the stria terminalis regulates fear to unpredictable threat signals

    Travis D Goode et al.
    The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) is required for the expression of defensive behavior to uncertain threats, a function that is central to pathological anxiety.
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioural and neural signatures of perceptual decision-making are modulated by pupil-linked arousal

    Jochem van Kempen et al.
    A direct relationship between pupil diameter and electrophysiological correlates of attention, sensory stimulus processing and target detection was observed demonstrating that arousal has a substantial influence on perceptual decision-making.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensory prediction errors in the human midbrain signal identity violations independent of perceptual distance

    Javier A Suarez et al.
    Activity in the midbrain responds to unexpected changes in outcome identity (i.e. sensory prediction error) but does not scale with perceptual distance between expected and receipt reward.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Chronology-based architecture of descending circuits that underlie the development of locomotor repertoire after birth

    Avinash Pujala, Minoru Koyama
    Newly forming descending pathways are arranged to function in parallel to existing ones and contribute to increasingly sophisticated locomotor behaviors that emerge postnatally with suitable connectivity patterns and biophysical properties.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Learning protein constitutive motifs from sequence data

    Jérôme Tubiana et al.
    A new machine-learning toolbox unveils coevolutionary protein motifs related to structure, function, and phylogeny from sequence information only.

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