1,445 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A unique chromatin profile defines adaptive genomic regions in a fungal plant pathogen

    David E Cook et al.
    Assessment of DNA methylation, histone modifications, and DNA accessibility revealed that physical DNA characteristics are associated with adaptive genome evolution in the broad host range plant pathogenic fungus Verticillium dahliae.
    1. Plant Biology

    Pathogen effectors and plant immunity determine specialization of the blast fungus to rice subspecies

    Jingjing Liao et al.
    Specialized fungal pathogen populations infect rice varieties with contrasting immune systems co-cultivated in a traditional agro-system, indicating the relevance of crop diversity to restricting epidemics in the landscape.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    A secreted Ustilago maydis effector promotes virulence by targeting anthocyanin biosynthesis in maize

    Shigeyuki Tanaka et al.
    A fungal effector secreted by the corn smut pathogen increases the virulence of the pathogen by elevating anthocyanin production and reducing lignification in maize.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cytoplasmic retention and degradation of a mitotic inducer enable plant infection by a pathogenic fungus

    Paola Bardetti et al.
    Degradation of a mitotic inducer coordinates the transition of two successive cell cycle arrests during the infective process of a plant pathogenic fungus.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Robust manipulation of the behavior of Drosophila melanogaster by a fungal pathogen in the laboratory

    Carolyn Elya et al.
    A newly described isolate of the behavior-manipulating fly pathogen Entomophthora muscae that naturally infects fruit flies can be cultured in the lab, enabling molecular investigation of how microbes induce behavior changes in animal hosts.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    A complete toolset for the study of Ustilago bromivora and Brachypodium sp. as a fungal-temperate grass pathosystem

    Franziska Rabe et al.
    The establishment of Ustilago bromivora and Brachypodium as a biotrophic model system provides the foundation for studying new aspects of plant-pathogen interactions and for answering questions about fungal sex and speciation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Codon optimization underpins generalist parasitism in fungi

    Thomas Badet et al.
    Codon optimization through biased synonymous substitutions is a characteristic feature of the genomes of generalist fungal parasites and is associated with the colonization of multiple hosts.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of the complex transcription network controlling biofilm formation in Candida species

    Eugenio Mancera et al.
    The transcription networks controlling biofilm formation in Candida species exhibit 'structural' similarities, but show gradual substitutions of transcription regulators and frequent changes in target genes.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Variable opportunities for outcrossing result in hotspots of novel genetic variation in a pathogen metapopulation

    Anna-Liisa Laine et al.
    In natural pathogen populations opportunities for sexual outcrossing vary, leading to spatial variation in genetic diversity and between-season survival.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Multiple lineages of Streptomyces produce antimicrobials within passalid beetle galleries across eastern North America

    Rita de Cassia Pessotti et al.
    The widespread occurrence of metabolically active streptomycetes in Odontotaenius disjunctus beetle frass may insulate their galleries against pathogenic fungal invasion through the production of diverse antimicrobial specialized metabolites.

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