5,504 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Post-tetanic potentiation lowers the energy barrier for synaptic vesicle fusion independently of Synaptotagmin-1

    Vincent Huson et al.
    Modulation of the energy barrier for membrane fusion is a common mechanism by which sensors in the synapse produce supralinear calcium dependence of vesicle release and short-term synaptic potentiation.
  1. Point of View: How postdocs benefit from building a union

    Benjamin Cain et al.
    Members of UAW 5810—the union for postdoctoral researchers at the University of California—describe how their union has led to improved terms and conditions for postdocs.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Electron tomography visualization of HIV-1 fusion with target cells using fusion inhibitors to trap the pre-hairpin intermediate

    Mark S Ladinsky et al.
    Visualization of HIV-1 fusion by trapping the prehairpin intermediate.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mitochondrial fusion is required for spermatogonial differentiation and meiosis

    Grigor Varuzhanyan et al.
    Mitochondrial fusion enables a metabolic transition during spermatogenesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    HOPS recognizes each SNARE, assembling ternary trans-complexes for rapid fusion upon engagement with the 4th SNARE

    Hongki Song et al.
    The tethering complex HOPS employs affinity for each of the 4 SNAREs to catalyze assembly of 3-SNARE intermediates, supporting an immediate burst of membrane fusion triggered by the 4th SNARE.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurotrophins induce fission of mitochondria along embryonic sensory axons

    Lorena Armijo-Weingart et al.
    Induction of the fission of mitochondria-populating sensory axons is shown to be a novel biological action of neurotrophins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Fusion surface structure, function, and dynamics of gamete fusogen HAP2

    Juan Feng et al.
    Structure, dynamics, and mutation of a gamete fusion protein and comparisons to viral homologues suggest that after trimerization the domain bearing the membrane-inserting fusion loops can pivot with respect to the trimer 3-fold axis.
    1. Neuroscience

    v-SNARE transmembrane domains function as catalysts for vesicle fusion

    Madhurima Dhara et al.
    Structural flexibility of the synaptobrevin-2 transmembrane domain promotes membrane fusion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Sec17/Sec18 act twice, enhancing membrane fusion and then disassembling cis-SNARE complexes

    Hongki Song et al.
    Sec17 (αSNAP) and Sec18 (NSF) are shown to act twice, to promote fusion per se and to recycle SNAREs after fusion.
    1. Neuroscience

    The Na+/Ca2+, K+ exchanger NCKX4 is required for efficient cone-mediated vision

    Frans Vinberg et al.
    Molecular, genetic, and functional analysis is used to show that the olfactory Na+/Ca2+, K+ exchanger NCKX4 is expressed in cone photoreceptors and is critical for the wide operating range and high temporal resolution of cone-mediated vision.

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