6,173 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Post-tetanic potentiation lowers the energy barrier for synaptic vesicle fusion independently of Synaptotagmin-1

    Vincent Huson et al.
    Modulation of the energy barrier for membrane fusion is a common mechanism by which sensors in the synapse produce supralinear calcium dependence of vesicle release and short-term synaptic potentiation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Additive effects on the energy barrier for synaptic vesicle fusion cause supralinear effects on the vesicle fusion rate

    Sebastiaan Schotten et al.
    Independent osmotic, genetic and biochemical perturbations modulate neurotransmitter release in a multiplicative manner.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Fusion surface structure, function, and dynamics of gamete fusogen HAP2

    Juan Feng et al.
    Structure, dynamics, and mutation of a gamete fusion protein and comparisons to viral homologues suggest that after trimerization the domain bearing the membrane-inserting fusion loops can pivot with respect to the trimer 3-fold axis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurotrophins induce fission of mitochondria along embryonic sensory axons

    Lorena Armijo-Weingart et al.
    Induction of the fission of mitochondria-populating sensory axons is shown to be a novel biological action of neurotrophins.
    1. Cell Biology

    Fusion pore regulation by cAMP/Epac2 controls cargo release during insulin exocytosis

    Alenka Guček et al.
    Live cell imaging shows that the cAMP-sensor Epac2, a target of major antidiabetic drugs, is central to fusion pore control during insulin granule exocytosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    What do adversarial images tell us about human vision?

    Marin Dujmović et al.
    Well-controlled psychological experiments show that there is little overlap in how humans and convolutional networks classify adversarial images, highlighting the problem of using CNNs as models of human vision.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    An acquired scaffolding function of the DNAJ-PKAc fusion contributes to oncogenic signaling in fibrolamellar carcinoma

    Rigney E Turnham et al.
    Fibrolamellar carcinoma results from a genetic lesion that produces the DNAJ-PKAc fusion kinase, which is recruited into macromolecular complexes and is sensitive to combinations of signal transduction inhibitor drugs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome rearrangements and pervasive meiotic drive cause hybrid infertility in fission yeast

    Sarah E Zanders et al.
    Rapid acquisition of chromosome rearrangements, together with independently acting transmission distorter alleles on each chromosome, drive near complete sterility in fission yeast hybrids.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microsaccadic sampling of moving image information provides Drosophila hyperacute vision

    Mikko Juusola et al.
    New experiments and theory reveal how the ability to see image details depends upon photoreceptor function and eye movements, and how fruit flies (Drosophila) see spatial details beyond the optical limit of their compound eyes.
    1. Neuroscience

    The roles of vision and antennal mechanoreception in hawkmoth flight control

    Ajinkya Dahake et al.
    Mechanosensors in the antennae of hawkmoths provide rapid sensory feedback for the control of fast flight manoeuvres, which acts in parallel to visual information.

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