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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Site-specific effects of neurosteroids on GABAA receptor activation and desensitization

    Yusuke Sugasawa et al.
    Differential, state-dependent occupancy of three discrete binding sites on α1β3 GABAA receptors determines whether a specific neurosteroid analogue potentiates or inhibits GABA-elicited currents or competitively antagonizes neurosteroid action.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gab1 mediates PDGF signaling and is essential to oligodendrocyte differentiation and CNS myelination

    Liang Zhou et al.
    Gab1 is a key downstream effector of PDGF signaling and essential to oligodendrocyte differentiation by linking PDGF signaling with GSK3β/β-catenin module.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A critical residue in the α1M2–M3 linker regulating mammalian GABAA receptor pore gating by diazepam

    Joseph W Nors et al.
    The role of an important gating domain in linkage between the benzodiazepine drug-binding site and the pore gate in GABAA receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Similar GABAA receptor subunit composition in somatic and axon initial segment synapses of hippocampal pyramidal cells

    Katalin Kerti-Szigeti, Zoltan Nusser
    All perisomatic GABAergic synpases on hippocampal pyramidal cells have a similar GABAA receptor subunit composition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Modulation of GABA and resting state functional connectivity by transcranial direct current stimulation

    Velicia Bachtiar et al.
    Building on previous work (Stagg et al., 2014), it is shown that transcranial direct current stimulation modulates local GABA concentration and functional connectivity in the human motor cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Axonal mechanisms mediating γ-aminobutyric acid receptor type A (GABA-A) inhibition of striatal dopamine release

    Paul F Kramer et al.
    GABA-A receptors on dopamine neuron axons not only depolarize the membrane but also limit action potential propagation, an effect potentiated by positive allosteric modulators of GABA-A receptors like diazepam (Valium).
    1. Neuroscience

    Presynaptic NMDARs cooperate with local spikes toward GABA release from the reciprocal olfactory bulb granule cell spine

    Vanessa Lage-Rupprecht et al.
    The essential role of presynaptic NMDA receptors for granule cell GABAergic output elucidates the function of reciprocal spines in recurrent and possibly lateral inhibition of mitral cells during olfactory processsing.
    1. Plant Biology

    A chloroplast retrograde signal, 3’-phosphoadenosine 5’-phosphate, acts as a secondary messenger in abscisic acid signaling in stomatal closure and germination

    Wannarat Pornsiriwong et al.
    Molecular signals from chloroplasts can synergistically interact with the plant hormone, abscisic acid (ABA), to regulate non-canonical signaling pathways mediating fundamental cellular processes including stomatal closure, seed dormancy and germination.
    1. Neuroscience

    Corelease of acetylcholine and GABA from cholinergic forebrain neurons

    Arpiar Saunders et al.
    Neurons of the cholinergic system, which release the excitatory neurotransmitter acetycholine throughout the cortex, also release the inhibitory transmitter GABA, with potential implications for cognitive function.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Gradient-reading and mechano-effector machinery for netrin-1-induced axon guidance

    Kentarou Baba et al.
    Shootin1a, through its spatially regulated phosphorylation within growth cones, mediates the gradient reading and mechanoresponse for netrin-1-induced axon guidance.