4,834 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Landscape of histone modifications in a sponge reveals the origin of animal cis-regulatory complexity

    Federico Gaiti et al.
    The complex chromatin-based genomic regulatory system controlling developmental gene expression in complex bilaterians predates the evolution of morphological complexity and may have been a prerequisite for the evolution of the first simple multicellular animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Drosophila uses a tripod gait across all walking speeds, and the geometry of the tripod is important for speed control

    Chanwoo Chun et al.
    Drosophila uses a gait close to the tripod throughout its speed range, and changes in speed are accompanied by changes in the geometry of the tripod.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cannabidiol interactions with voltage-gated sodium channels

    Lily Goodyer Sait et al.
    The high resolution crystal structure and electrophysiology of a sodium channel complex with cannabidiol, a drug approved for treatment of severe epilepsies, demonstrate the basis for its structural- functional effects.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Front-end Weber-Fechner gain control enhances the fidelity of combinatorial odor coding

    Nirag Kadakia, Thierry Emonet
    In multi-channel sensory systems, gain adaptation can help maintain not only coding capacity across changes in signal intensity, but also combinatorial representations of odor identity.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Developmental Biology

    A novel optical microscope for imaging large embryos and tissue volumes with sub-cellular resolution throughout

    Gail McConnell et al.
    A new type of microscope reveals detail of organelles inside every cell in the entirety of an intact embryo or tissue region over 100 cubic millimeters in volume.
    1. Neuroscience

    Wireless recording from unrestrained monkeys reveals motor goal encoding beyond immediate reach in frontoparietal cortex

    Michael Berger et al.
    The novel Reach Cage allows neurophysiology studies of structured behavior with unrestrained Rhesus macaques showing that the frontoparietal reach network is selective for reach goals outside the immediately reachable space.
    1. Neuroscience

    Computational modeling of spinal circuits controlling limb coordination and gaits in quadrupeds

    Simon M Danner et al.
    Organization of commissural and long propriospinal neuronal pathways defines gait expression in quadrupeds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell-specific gain modulation by synaptically released zinc in cortical circuits of audition

    Charles T Anderson et al.
    Synaptic zinc is a novel modulator of cortical sound processing - a modulator that increases the gain of principal neurons, but reduces the gain of interneurons.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Distinct expression requirements and rescue strategies for BEST1 loss- and gain-of-function mutations

    Qingqing Zhao et al.
    BEST1 autosomal dominant loss-of-function mutations surprisingly behave in a dominant-negative manner, whereas gain-of-function mutations exhibit a strong dominant effect that necessitates CRISPR/Cas9-mediated suppression of the endogenous mutant allele in gene therapy.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells mediate protective host responses in sepsis

    Shubhanshi Trivedi et al.
    Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, highly activated and dysfunctional in sepsis patients, contribute to tissue-specific cytokine responses that are protective against mortality during experimental sepsis.

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