825 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Drosophila uses a tripod gait across all walking speeds, and the geometry of the tripod is important for speed control

    Chanwoo Chun et al.
    Drosophila uses a gait close to the tripod throughout its speed range, and changes in speed are accompanied by changes in the geometry of the tripod.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Landscape of histone modifications in a sponge reveals the origin of animal cis-regulatory complexity

    Federico Gaiti et al.
    The complex chromatin-based genomic regulatory system controlling developmental gene expression in complex bilaterians predates the evolution of morphological complexity and may have been a prerequisite for the evolution of the first simple multicellular animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Computational modeling of spinal circuits controlling limb coordination and gaits in quadrupeds

    Simon M Danner et al.
    Organization of commissural and long propriospinal neuronal pathways defines gait expression in quadrupeds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Effects of spinal cord stimulation on postural control in Parkinson's disease patients with freezing of gait

    Andrea Cristina de Lima-Pardini et al.
    High-frequency stimulation of the upper thoracic spinal cord corrects anticipatory postural adjustments and improving gait efficiency and inhibiting freezing of gait episodes in advanced Parkinson's disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Quantification of gait parameters in freely walking wild type and sensory deprived Drosophila melanogaster

    César S Mendes et al.
    Novel imaging experiments suggest that fruit flies modify their neural circuitry for walking at slow, medium and fast speeds, and that proprioception is not essential for coordinated walking.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dendritic mitochondria reach stable positions during circuit development

    Michelle C Faits et al.
    Mitochondria reach stable positions in dendrites during a critical developmental period of high motility.
    1. Neuroscience

    Computational modeling of brainstem circuits controlling locomotor frequency and gait

    Jessica Ausborn et al.
    A new computational model of brainstem control of locomotor speed and gait was developed to reproduce and explain recent experimental data and propose predictions for subsequent experimental testing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Posterior parietal cortex estimates the relationship between object and body location during locomotion

    Daniel S Marigold, Trevor Drew
    Posterior parietal cortex provides an estimation of the location of an object with respect to the body and uses this information to plan appropriate gait changes to negotiate such an obstacle.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Work minimization accounts for footfall phasing in slow quadrupedal gaits

    James R Usherwood, Zoe T Self Davies
    The range of footfall patterns seen in walking amphibians, reptiles and mammals, including hippopotamus, horse and (inverted) sloth, are consistent with simple principles of mechanical work minimization.
    1. Neuroscience

    Absent phasing of respiratory and locomotor rhythms in running mice

    Coralie Hérent et al.
    When mice run, their breathing frequency increases but breaths are not temporally synchronized to strides at any speed or gait.

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