342 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transcriptional rewiring over evolutionary timescales changes quantitative and qualitative properties of gene expression

    Chiraj K Dalal et al.
    Rewiring of transcriptional circuits can preserve a basic output yet alter almost all of the circuit's quantitative and qualitative features.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Ongoing resolution of duplicate gene functions shapes the diversification of a metabolic network

    Meihua Christina Kuang et al.
    Recent functional changes in ancient duplicate genes led to the evolution of divergent regulatory and metabolic strategies by the GALactose gene networks of two yeast species.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The dynamic three-dimensional organization of the diploid yeast genome

    Seungsoo Kim et al.
    Yeast homologous chromosomes exhibit condition-specific mitotic pairing at both global and local scales.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transition between fermentation and respiration determines history-dependent behavior in fluctuating carbon sources

    Bram Cerulus et al.
    Live-cell microscopy and genome-wide screens reveal how slow transitions in metabolism can underlie metabolic memory, providing a model for organisms demonstrating similar history-dependent behaviour and routes to improve industrial microbes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    O-GlcNAc on NOTCH1 EGF repeats regulates ligand-induced Notch signaling and vascular development in mammals

    Shogo Sawaguchi et al.
    The transfer of O-GlcNAc by EOGT to specific EGF repeats of NOTCH1 promotes DLL4 binding, Notch signaling, and retinal vascular development.
    1. Cell Biology

    The mammalian lectin galectin-8 induces RANKL expression, osteoclastogenesis, and bone mass reduction in mice

    Yaron Vinik et al.
    The secreted sugar-binding protein galectin-8 causes osteoblasts to secrete factors that promote the differentiation of bone marrow cells into osteoclasts; targeting this protein could therefore potentially help treat diseases associated with excessive bone loss.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Determination of ubiquitin fitness landscapes under different chemical stresses in a classroom setting

    David Mavor et al.
    Chemical perturbation-dependent deep mutational scanning data collected by a lab-based interdisciplinary graduate class resolves a paradox between the high evolution conservation and the high mutational tolerance of the protein ubiquitin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Harmful DNA:RNA hybrids are formed in cis and in a Rad51-independent manner

    Juan Lafuente-Barquero et al.
    RNA does not form DNA:RNA hybrids in trans that compromise genome integrity.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Independent manipulation of histone H3 modifications in individual nucleosomes reveals the contributions of sister histones to transcription

    Zhen Zhou et al.
    A yeast genetic model for studying the function of sister histones in chromatin dynamics.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A sharp Pif1-dependent threshold separates DNA double-strand breaks from critically short telomeres

    Jonathan Strecker et al.
    A sharp transition in the fate of DNA ends with telomere sequences is identified, which suggests a boundary between DNA double-strand breaks and telomeres.

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