821 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Fusion surface structure, function, and dynamics of gamete fusogen HAP2

    Juan Feng et al.
    Structure, dynamics, and mutation of a gamete fusion protein and comparisons to viral homologues suggest that after trimerization the domain bearing the membrane-inserting fusion loops can pivot with respect to the trimer 3-fold axis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Evolutionarily conserved sperm factors, DCST1 and DCST2, are required for gamete fusion

    Naokazu Inoue et al.
    Mammalian fertilization is accomplished through integrating various molecular pathways that include evolutionarily conserved factors, DCST1 and DCST2.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    wtf genes are prolific dual poison-antidote meiotic drivers

    Nicole L Nuckolls et al.
    Selfish wtf meiotic drive genes use overlapping transcripts to encode both a trans-acting poison to kill gametes that do not inherit the gene and a gamete-autonomous antidote to specifically rescue the gametes that do.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    TMEM95 is a sperm membrane protein essential for mammalian fertilization

    Ismael Lamas-Toranzo et al.
    TMEM95, a protein localized to the sperm acrosome cap, is essential for fertilization.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Communication between distinct subunit interfaces of the cohesin complex promotes its topological entrapment of DNA

    Vincent Guacci et al.
    The interface formed where Smc3p and Mcd1p bind each other regulates cohesin DNA binding and cohesion by a mechanism independently from its putative role as a DNA exit gate.
    1. Plant Biology

    Dynamic F-actin movement is essential for fertilization in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Tomokazu Kawashima et al.
    The movement of F-actin filaments, which is regulated by actin-myosin interactions together with a female gamete-specific Rho-GTPase, enables migration of the Arabidopsis sperm cell nucleus towards the female nucleus; which might account for the loss of centrosomes in flowering plants.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Genome rearrangements and pervasive meiotic drive cause hybrid infertility in fission yeast

    Sarah E Zanders et al.
    Rapid acquisition of chromosome rearrangements, together with independently acting transmission distorter alleles on each chromosome, drive near complete sterility in fission yeast hybrids.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Residue-by-residue analysis of cotranslational membrane protein integration in vivo

    Felix Nicolaus et al.
    The cotranslational membrane integration of three multispanning Escherichia coli inner membrane proteins is followed using force profile analysis, uncovering unexpected complexities in the membrane integration process.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures of the DCPIB-inhibited volume-regulated anion channel LRRC8A in lipid nanodiscs

    David M Kern et al.
    The basis for small-molecule block, insights into gating, and an unexpected architectural role for the lipid membrane are revealed in structures of the volume regulated anion channel LRRC8A.
    1. Cell Biology

    Luciferase-LOV BRET enables versatile and specific transcriptional readout of cellular protein-protein interactions

    Christina K Kim et al.
    SPARK2 allows a transcriptional readout of inter- and intracellular protein-protein interactions, with near-zero background, by employing proximity-dependent luciferase-LOV regulation.

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