724 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Fusion surface structure, function, and dynamics of gamete fusogen HAP2

    Juan Feng et al.
    Structure, dynamics, and mutation of a gamete fusion protein and comparisons to viral homologues suggest that after trimerization the domain bearing the membrane-inserting fusion loops can pivot with respect to the trimer 3-fold axis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of asymmetric gamete signaling and suppressed recombination at the mating type locus

    Zena Hadjivasiliou, Andrew Pomiankowski
    Selection for asymmetric signalling between gametes explains the very origins of sexual asymmetry as seen in mating-types with morphologically similar but self-incompatible gametes.
    1. Plant Biology

    Dynamic F-actin movement is essential for fertilization in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Tomokazu Kawashima et al.
    The movement of F-actin filaments, which is regulated by actin-myosin interactions together with a female gamete-specific Rho-GTPase, enables migration of the Arabidopsis sperm cell nucleus towards the female nucleus; which might account for the loss of centrosomes in flowering plants.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    wtf genes are prolific dual poison-antidote meiotic drivers

    Nicole L Nuckolls et al.
    Selfish wtf meiotic drive genes use overlapping transcripts to encode both a trans-acting poison to kill gametes that do not inherit the gene and a gamete-autonomous antidote to specifically rescue the gametes that do.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A pentameric protein ring with novel architecture is required for herpesviral packaging

    Allison L Didychuk et al.
    The first structures of Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus ORF68 and Epstein–Barr virus BFLF1, conserved and essential proteins required in herpesviruses, reveal new insights into viral genome packaging.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    A modular approach to integrating multiple data sources into real-time clinical prediction for pediatric diarrhea

    Ben J Brintz et al.
    Using a modular approach to integrate multiple data sources for the prediction of diarrhea etiology has the potential to reduce inappropriate antibiotics prescription in low-resource settings.
    1. Neuroscience

    An excitatory cortical feedback loop gates retinal wave transmission in rodent thalamus

    Yasunobu Murata, Matthew T Colonnese
    The absence of functional inhibition is a developmentally transient circuit property of corticothalamic feedback that is essential for the central transmission of spontaneous retinal waves.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional connectivity in human auditory networks and the origins of variation in the transmission of musical systems

    Massimo Lumaca et al.
    Resting-state functional connectivity between core regions of fronto-temporal auditory networks can distinguish music transmitters from innovators.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mfn2 ubiquitination by PINK1/parkin gates the p97-dependent release of ER from mitochondria to drive mitophagy

    Gian-Luca McLelland et al.
    A crucial step during the mitophagy cascade involves the disassembly of connections between mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum via the retrotranslocation of Mfn2 tethering complexes by the Parkinson's disease genes PARKIN and PINK1, as well as the ATPase VCP/p97.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Germ cell connectivity enhances cell death in response to DNA damage in the Drosophila testis

    Kevin L Lu, Yukiko M Yamashita
    Genetic and cell biological study indicates that germ cells' connectivity serves as a mechanism to increase the sensitivity of germline to DNA damage, protecting the genome of gametes, in the Drosophila testis.

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