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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Promoter nucleosome dynamics regulated by signalling through the CTD code

    Philippe Materne et al.
    Phosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA Polymerase II controls nucleosomes dynamics at specific promoters to regulate transcription.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    HMMR acts in the PLK1-dependent spindle positioning pathway and supports neural development

    Marisa Connell et al.
    HMMR regulates spindle positioning in neural and other cell types downstream of PLK1 and subsequently affects cortical NuMA-Dynein localization.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Bedrock radioactivity influences the rate and spectrum of mutation

    Nathanaëlle Saclier et al.
    Subterranean isopods endemic to regions with large igneous rock formations have a higher mutation rate and display an excess of mutations that are typical of an oxidative stress.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The regulation of oocyte maturation and ovulation in the closest sister group of vertebrates

    Shin Matsubara et al.
    Oocyte maturation and ovulation in the sister group of vertebrates, Ciona intestinalis Type A, are triggered by Ci-VP, the Ciona homolog of a typical neruopeptide, vasopressin.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Defective AMH signaling disrupts GnRH neuron development and function and contributes to hypogonadotropic hypogonadism

    Samuel Andrew Malone et al.
    Mouse in vivo and in vitro analysis and human genetic screening highlight the role of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) signaling in GnRH neuronal development and function, and identify mutations in AMH and AMHR2 in CHH patients.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Transcription of a 5’ extended mRNA isoform directs dynamic chromatin changes and interference of a downstream promoter

    Minghao Chia et al.
    Expression of a 5' extended mRNA isoform represses transcription of a downstream promoter.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    Amplification of a broad transcriptional program by a common factor triggers the meiotic cell cycle in mice

    Mina L Kojima et al.
    The switch from mitotic cell cycles to the one meiotic cell cycle in each generation is triggered through dramatic upregulation of a broad gene expression program by transcriptional regulator STRA8.
    1. Cell Biology

    The mammalian LINC complex component SUN1 regulates muscle regeneration by modulating drosha activity

    Tsui Han Loo et al.
    The LINC complex, that couples the interphase cytoskeleton to the nucleus, regulates the processing of a cluster of miRNAs required for muscle regeneration by recruiting and interacting directly with Drosha.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Ancestral resurrection reveals evolutionary mechanisms of kinase plasticity

    Conor J Howard et al.
    Reconstructing ancestral enzymes has revealed that a switch in kinase substrate preference evolved via an expanded specificity intermediate that is tolerated in vivo, thus providing a path for kinase diversification.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Embryonic origin of adult stem cells required for tissue homeostasis and regeneration

    Erin L Davies et al.
    Anarchic, cycling piwi-1+ embryonic cells gives rise to neoblasts, pluripotent stemcells required for development of all organ systems during S. mediterranea embryogenesis, as well as the maintenance andregeneration of tissues during adulthood.