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    1. Neuroscience

    An image-computable model for the stimulus selectivity of gamma oscillations

    Dora Hermes et al.
    Gamma-band oscillations show striking differences in stimulus selectivity compared to fMRI and broadband field potentials in human visual cortex, and are explained by a novel, image-computable model.
    1. Neuroscience

    CA2 neuronal activity controls hippocampal low gamma and ripple oscillations

    Georgia M Alexander et al.
    Hippocampal area CA2 controls low gamma and ripple oscillations, brain waves known to be impaired in schizophrenia, implicating this important brain region in cognition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gamma rhythms and visual information in mouse V1 specifically modulated by somatostatin+ neurons in reticular thalamus

    Mahmood S Hoseini et al.
    Gamma rhythms and representation of visual information in the primary visual cortex are specifically modulated by somatostatin+ but not parvalbumin+ neurons in reticular thalamic nucleus.
    1. Neuroscience

    On cross-frequency phase-phase coupling between theta and gamma oscillations in the hippocampus

    Robson Scheffer-Teixeira, Adriano BL Tort
    Phase-locking of hippocampal theta and gamma waves has been proposed to support memory formation, but an analysis using robust statistical methods finds no convincing evidence for the phenomenon.
    1. Neuroscience

    Subthalamic nucleus gamma activity increases not only during movement but also during movement inhibition

    Petra Fischer et al.
    Sudden stopping of rhythmic movement is associated with a pronounced increase of 60-90 Hz gamma oscillations in the subthalamic nucleus, which have formerly been regarded as favouring movement.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Speech encoding by coupled cortical theta and gamma oscillations

    Alexandre Hyafil et al.
    Computational modelling shows that coupled theta and gamma oscillations in the auditory cortex can decompose speech into its syllabic constituents, and organize the neural spiking at faster timescale into a decodable format.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interneuron-specific gamma synchronization indexes cue uncertainty and prediction errors in lateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex

    Kianoush Banaie Boroujeni et al.
    A fast spiking interneuron sub-type in medial and lateral prefrontal cortex fires and gamma-synchronizes prominently during adaptive learning of reward values when outcomes are uncertain and choice options have similar values.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The structural basis for dynamic DNA binding and bridging interactions which condense the bacterial centromere

    Gemma LM Fisher et al.
    A combination of structural, biochemical, single-molecule and in vivo methods are used to show how ParB locally condenses the bacterial chromosome near the origin and earmarks this region for segregation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sub-second dynamics of theta-gamma coupling in hippocampal CA1

    Lu Zhang et al.
    A combination of signal processing and machine learning form a new approach to classify oscillatory coupling in single cycles without averaging over time and to capture cycle-by-cycle changes in coupling.
    1. Neuroscience

    TrpV1 receptor activation rescues neuronal function and network gamma oscillations from Aβ-induced impairment in mouse hippocampus in vitro

    Hugo Balleza-Tapia et al.
    TrpV1 receptor activation rescues cognition-relevant network dynamics in mouse hippocampus in an acute Alzheimer disease model providing a novel therapeutic target.