598 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Divisive suppression explains high-precision firing and contrast adaptation in retinal ganglion cells

    Yuwei Cui et al.
    The convergence of two visual pathways at the level of retinal bipolar cells accounts for key features of ganglion cell responses.
    1. Neuroscience

    Endocannabinoid signaling enhances visual responses through modulation of intracellular chloride levels in retinal ganglion cells

    Loïs S Miraucourt et al.
    Endocannabinoid activation of the CB1 receptor on retinal ganglion cells in the eye results in enhanced excitability and responsiveness to visual stimulation through a novel mechanism involving intracellular chloride regulation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuropilin-2/Semaphorin-3F-mediated repulsion promotes inner hair cell innervation by spiral ganglion neurons

    Thomas M Coate et al.
    The development of the mammalian cochlea undergoes a period of embryonic refinement in which the outer hair cell region repels incoming type I spiral ganglion neurons, thus ensuring these neurons instead form connections with inner hair cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Retinal direction selectivity in the absence of asymmetric starburst amacrine cell responses

    Laura Hanson et al.
    Experimental and computational models reveal how parallel 'core' mechanisms shape direction selectivity at the dendrites of starburst amacrine cells and ganglion cells in the mouse retina.
    1. Neuroscience

    A dedicated visual pathway for prey detection in larval zebrafish

    Julia L Semmelhack et al.
    A subset of retinal ganglion cells respond specifically to small moving objects and project to a visual area that plays a key role in prey capture behavior.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sensitivity to image recurrence across eye-movement-like image transitions through local serial inhibition in the retina

    Vidhyasankar Krishnamoorthy et al.
    The encoding of visual images by certain retinal ganglion cells is fundamentally altered in the context of eye-movement-like image transitions; the transitions trigger inhibitory interactions, which make these cells particularly sensitive to recurring images.
    1. Neuroscience

    An excitatory amacrine cell detects object motion and provides feature-selective input to ganglion cells in the mouse retina

    Tahnbee Kim et al.
    The mouse visual system is able to detect small moving objects due to the activity of VG3-amacrine cells, an unusual type of modulatory cell that uses the transmitter glutamate to activate retinal output cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Retinal Circuits: How we see the forest and the trees

    Jeffrey S Diamond
    Specific pathways in the retina help us see spatial detail in our visual world.
    Insight
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    1. Neuroscience

    Formation of retinal direction-selective circuitry initiated by starburst amacrine cell homotypic contact

    Thomas A Ray et al.
    Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.

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