165 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Extensive transmission of microbes along the gastrointestinal tract

    Thomas SB Schmidt et al.
    Microbial populations are continuous along the gastrointestinal tract, with increased transmission in colorectal cancer and rheumatoid arthritis patients.
    1. Cancer Biology

    FoxA1 and FoxA2 drive gastric differentiation and suppress squamous identity in NKX2-1-negative lung cancer

    Soledad A Camolotto et al.
    Lineage specifiers FoxA1 and FoxA2 control lung cancer growth and identity by activating gastric differentiation and suppressing squamous cell carcinoma transdifferentiation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Obesity causes selective and long-lasting desensitization of AgRP neurons to dietary fat

    Lisa R Beutler et al.
    Neurons that promote hunger become desensitized to dietary fat in obesity.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial colonization stimulates a complex physiological response in the immature human intestinal epithelium

    David R Hill et al.
    Contact with bacteria and subsequent hypoxia promotes functional maturation of the immature gastrointestinal tract.
    1. Neuroscience

    Live calcium and mitochondrial imaging in the enteric nervous system of Parkinson patients and controls

    An-Sofie Desmet et al.
    In contrast to previous post-mortem or fixed tissue histochemical reports, live calcium and mitochondrial imaging data suggest that the enteric nervous system is not generally affected in Parkinson's disease patients.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptic transmission parallels neuromodulation in a central food-intake circuit

    Philipp Schlegel et al.
    Connectomic analysis demonstrates that a brain circuit, that may be conserved between flies and mammals, uses both fast synaptic transmission as well as peptidergic neuromodulation to connect chemosensory and endocrine systems.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Bacterial interspecies interactions modulate pH-mediated antibiotic tolerance

    Andrés Aranda-Díaz et al.
    Shifts in pH that result from metabolic interactions between members of the Drosophila gut microbiota were sufficient to modulate Lactobacillus plantarum tolerance to the antibiotics rifampin and erythromycin.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A small protein encoded by a putative lncRNA regulates apoptosis and tumorigenicity in human colorectal cancer cells

    Xiao Ling Li et al.
    Discovery and initial characterization of a conserved small protein translated from a transcript annotated as a human long non-coding RNA.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    High-resolution structures of multiple 5-HT3AR-setron complexes reveal a novel mechanism of competitive inhibition

    Sandip Basak et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopic structures of 5-HT3A receptor in complex with first and second generations of clinically used setron reveal the molecular basis for their binding modes and mechanisms of inhibitory action.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    An adjunctive therapy administered with an antibiotic prevents enrichment of antibiotic-resistant clones of a colonizing opportunistic pathogen

    Valerie J Morley et al.
    Cholestyramine, an FDA-approved bile acid sequestrant, can be repurposed to inactivate the antibiotic daptomycin in the gut, which prevents the emergence of transmissible antibiotic resistance in gastrointestinal Enterococcus faecium populations.

Refine your results by:

Type
Research categories