259 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Studying evolution of the primary body axis in vivo and in vitro

    Kerim Anlas, Vikas Trivedi
    The shared capacity of stem cells to recapitulate initial body plan formation in vitro without species-specific cues, suggests the existence of alternative, evolutionarily conserved developmental trajectories.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    TGFβ signalling is required to maintain pluripotency of human naïve pluripotent stem cells

    Anna Osnato et al.
    Identifying the pathways that support human naive-state pluripotent stem cells provides insights into the signalling-based regulation of human pluripotency and enables informed decisions to improve conditions for pluripotent cell culture.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Crosstalk between nitric oxide and retinoic acid pathways is essential for amphioxus pharynx development

    Filomena Caccavale et al.
    Previously undescribed morphogenetic and developmental mechanisms unravel that the cooperation of two ancient signaling pathways, nitric oxide and retinoic acid, is essential to build a chordate embryo.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Regulated delivery controls Drosophila Hedgehog, Wingless, and Decapentaplegic signaling

    Ryo Hatori et al.
    Delivery of Hedgehog, Decapentaplegic and Wingless to target cells in the Drosophila wing imaginal disc is regulated in both amount and destination, and is not dependent on constitutive release or uptake from a common pool.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    An in vitro stem cell model of human epiblast and yolk sac interaction

    Kirsty ML Mackinlay et al.
    Human yolk sac-like cells, which share characteristics with the post-implantation human hypoblast, can model the interaction between the epiblast and hypoblast that occurs during early human development.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Insulin-producing β-cells regenerate ectopically from a mesodermal origin under the perturbation of hemato-endothelial specification

    Ka-Cheuk Liu et al.
    Genetic analyses revealed the remarkable plasticity of mesodermal cells to differentiate across the germ layers to form insulin-producing β-cells, which are normally of endodermal origin.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Single-cell RNA analysis identifies pre-migratory neural crest cells expressing markers of differentiated derivatives

    Ezra Lencer et al.
    Pre-migratory and early migratory neural crest cells in zebrafish are transcriptionally diverse, with some cells expressing genes associated with differentiated derivatives while still in the neural tube.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sustained expression of unc-4 homeobox gene and unc-37/Groucho in postmitotic neurons specifies the spatial organization of the cholinergic synapses in C. elegans

    Mizuki Kurashina et al.
    Genetic analyses using a simple nervous system of the nematode revealed the novel function of the cell fate-determining transcriptional repressor complex in the differentiated neurons to determine the precise synapse position.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    Maternally inherited piRNAs direct transient heterochromatin formation at active transposons during early Drosophila embryogenesis

    Martin H Fabry et al.
    Maternally deposited Piwi-piRNA complexes co-transcriptionally repress transposable elements that transiently become active in somatic cells of the developing Drosophila embryo.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Live imaging and biophysical modeling support a button-based mechanism of somatic homolog pairing in Drosophila

    Myron Barber Child VI et al.
    Biophysical modeling and quantitative live-cell imaging converge to show that the century-old puzzle of somatic homolog pairing in Drosophila operates via a button model.

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