5,365 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Homing Genetic Elements: Mobile DNAs and switching mating types in yeast

    Laura N Rusche
    The gene that allows budding yeast cells to switch their mating type evolved from a newly discovered family of genes named weird HO.
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    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit mechanism for decision-making biases and NMDA receptor hypofunction

    Sean Edward Cavanagh et al.
    Ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist and experimental model for schizophrenia, produces decision-making deficits in monkeys, which are predicted by a lowering of cortical excitation-inhibition balance in a spiking circuit model.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural insights into the Ca2+-dependent gating of the human mitochondrial calcium uniporter

    Yan Wang et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of human MCU-EMRE-MICU1-MICU2 complex in the apo and Ca2+-bound states reveal how MICU1 and MICU2 impart their gating function to the mitochondrial calcium uniporter.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Neuronal octopamine signaling regulates mating-induced germline stem cell increase in female Drosophila melanogaster

    Yuto Yoshinari et al.
    Genetic analyses using the fruit fly illustrate how neuronal system couples germline stem cell increase to an external cue, which is mating, through stem cell niche signaling.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis of force-from-lipids gating in the mechanosensitive channel MscS

    Bharat Reddy et al.
    The structure of the mechanosensitive channel MscS embedded in a lipid bilayer redefines the nature, location and importance of lipid–protein interactions in the gating of mechanosensitive channels.
    1. Neuroscience

    Decoupling sensory from decisional choice biases in perceptual decision making

    Daniel Linares et al.
    Perceptual decision making, even in simple scenarios, is affected by sensory and decisional choice biases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Calcium dynamics regulating the timing of decision-making in C. elegans

    Yuki Tanimoto et al.
    A series of quantitative behavioural and opto-physiological analyses using a novel robot microscope system reveals that C. elegans computes the time-differential and time-integral of sensory information for decision-making during olfactory navigation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Irreversible temperature gating in trpv1 sheds light on channel activation

    Ana Sánchez-Moreno et al.
    Temperature-activated TRPV1 ion channels respond to increased temperatures by opening and then entering an inactivated state from which they cannot recover, suggesting that this form of irreversible gating results from partial unfolding during heat absorption.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Protein biogenesis machinery is a driver of replicative aging in yeast

    Georges E Janssens et al.
    A comprehensive mapping of the proteome and transcriptome during the complete replicative lifespan of budding yeast predicted an increased abundance of the protein biogenesis machinery is most causal for aging.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Age- and diet-associated metabolome remodeling characterizes the aging process driven by damage accumulation

    Andrei S Avanesov et al.
    Aging is a process characterized by gradual metabolome remodeling, deceleration of the remodeling in late life and under conditions that extend lifespan, and a mortality-associated pattern of cumulative damage.

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