2,983 results found
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural determinants of voltage-gating properties in calcium channels

    Monica L Fernández-Quintero et al.
    Structure modeling, site-directed mutagenesis, and current recordings revealed the mechanism by which stabilization of voltage sensors in the resting and activated states determines the gating properties of the CaV1.1 calcium channel.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hunger neurons drive feeding through a sustained, positive reinforcement signal

    Yiming Chen et al.
    Hunger neurons promote feeding by triggering a long-lasting potentiation of the rewarding properties of food.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Domain–domain interactions determine the gating, permeation, pharmacology, and subunit modulation of the IKs ion channel

    Mark A Zaydman et al.
    Contrary to a generally accepted principle, the pore properties of KCNQ1 channels depend on the states of voltage-sensing domains activation; KCNE1 alters the voltage-sensing domains-pore coupling to modulate KCNQ1 channel properties.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamocortical synapses in the cat visual system in vivo are weak and unreliable

    Madineh Sedigh-Sarvestani et al.
    A characterization of LGN-V1 synaptic transmission properties demonstrates thalamocortical synapses in vivo are weak and unreliable, but biologically constrained models show they efficiently drive cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Gain of channel function and modified gating properties in TRPM3 mutants causing intellectual disability and epilepsy

    Evelien Van Hoeymissen et al.
    Two mutations in TRPM3 resulting in developmental and epileptic encephalopathies result in a gain-of-channel function, which may lie at the basis of epileptic activity and neurodevelopmental symptoms in the patients.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Engineering vanilloid-sensitivity into the rat TRPV2 channel

    Feng Zhang et al.
    Vanilloid sensitivity has been introduced into the TRPV2 channel, revealing that the gating and permeation properties of this enigmatic TRP channel are remarkably similar to the capsaicin receptor.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular structures of the human Slo1 K+ channel in complex with β4

    Xiao Tao, Roderick MacKinnon
    The structures of Slo1 in complex with b4 imply that the auxiliary beta subunits modulate the channel's gating properties through stabilizing ‘pre-existing’ conformations rather than creating new ones.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural relationship between the putative hair cell mechanotransduction channel TMC1 and TMEM16 proteins

    Angela Ballesteros et al.
    The structural relationship between TMC and TMEM16 proteins provides insight into the structure and functional mechanisms of the mechanotransduction channel complex in hair cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Olfactory receptor neurons use gain control and complementary kinetics to encode intermittent odorant stimuli

    Srinivas Gorur-Shandilya et al.
    Olfactory receptor neurons adapt to odorant mean and variance and use complementary kinetics to preserve the timing of odorant encounters, despite adaptation slowing down transduction.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Bipolar filaments of human nonmuscle myosin 2-A and 2-B have distinct motile and mechanical properties

    Luca Melli et al.
    Individual nonmuscle myosin 2 filaments in cells may differ their mechanical and kinetic properties depending on the myosin paralog composition giving the cells a mechanism for fine tuning the output of a given nonmuscle myosin filament.

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