2,726 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Gain of channel function and modified gating properties in TRPM3 mutants causing intellectual disability and epilepsy

    Evelien Van Hoeymissen et al.
    Two mutations in TRPM3 resulting in developmental and epileptic encephalopathies result in a gain-of-channel function, which may lie at the basis of epileptic activity and neurodevelopmental symptoms in the patients.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Self-restoration of cardiac excitation rhythm by anti-arrhythmic ion channel gating

    Rupamanjari Majumder et al.
    Customization of ion channel gating enhances homeostatic regulation through automatic detection and correction of abnormal physiological changes, as illustrated by self-restoration of excitation rhythm in cardiac arrhythmias.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hunger neurons drive feeding through a sustained, positive reinforcement signal

    Yiming Chen et al.
    Hunger neurons promote feeding by triggering a long-lasting potentiation of the rewarding properties of food.
    1. Neuroscience

    Molecular mechanisms that stabilize short term synaptic plasticity during presynaptic homeostatic plasticity

    Jennifer M Ortega et al.
    Genetic and electrophysiological experiments define how homeostatic signaling stabilizes both the gain and short-term dynamic properties of neurotransmitter release, ensuring that synaptic information transfer remains robust to external perturbation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Bipolar filaments of human nonmuscle myosin 2-A and 2-B have distinct motile and mechanical properties

    Luca Melli et al.
    Individual nonmuscle myosin 2 filaments in cells may differ their mechanical and kinetic properties depending on the myosin paralog composition giving the cells a mechanism for fine tuning the output of a given nonmuscle myosin filament.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Engineering vanilloid-sensitivity into the rat TRPV2 channel

    Feng Zhang et al.
    Vanilloid sensitivity has been introduced into the TRPV2 channel, revealing that the gating and permeation properties of this enigmatic TRP channel are remarkably similar to the capsaicin receptor.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular structures of the human Slo1 K+ channel in complex with β4

    Xiao Tao, Roderick MacKinnon
    The structures of Slo1 in complex with b4 imply that the auxiliary beta subunits modulate the channel's gating properties through stabilizing ‘pre-existing’ conformations rather than creating new ones.
    1. Neuroscience

    Locomotion: Building behaviors, one layer at a time

    Claire Wyart, Vatsala Thirumalai
    New interneurons are added in the hindbrain to support more complex movements as young zebrafish get older.
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    1. Developmental Biology

    Evolution: The beat goes on

    Tobias Wang
    Why is the alligator heart so similar to the hearts of birds and mammals?
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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Epidemiology: Promiscuous bacteria have staying power

    Ruth C Massey, Daniel J Wilson
    Being able to take up DNA from their environment might allow pneumococcal bacteria to colonize the human nose and throat for longer periods of time.
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