2,234 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A bidirectional network for appetite control in larval zebrafish

    Caroline Lei Wee et al.
    Brain imaging and behavioral analysis reveal two opposing states of hunger, represented by anti-correlated lateral and caudal hypothalamic dynamics that are important for the homeostatic control of feeding in zebrafish.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Endothelial PKA activity regulates angiogenesis by limiting autophagy through phosphorylation of ATG16L1

    Xiaocheng Zhao et al.
    The cAMP-dependent protein kinase A controls the switch from actively sprouting new blood vessel formation to vessel quiescence by reducing endothelial autophagy through phosphorylation-mediated destabilisation of ATG16L1.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    ASPEN, a methodology for reconstructing protein evolution with improved accuracy using ensemble models

    Roman Sloutsky, Kristen M Naegle
    Using different sets of input sequences to evolutionary reconstruction algorithms results in the exploration of many possible models, the intergration over which produces significantly more accurate models.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Control of RNA viruses in mosquito cells through the acquisition of vDNA and endogenous viral elements

    Michel Tassetto et al.
    Virus infection in mosquitoes initiates a highly discriminatory process in which fragments of viral RNA are reverse transcribed to create DNA copies that serve as templates of small antiviral RNAs.
    1. Neuroscience

    During hippocampal inactivation, grid cells maintain synchrony, even when the grid pattern is lost

    Noam Almog et al.
    Grid cells lose their hexagonality during hippocampal inactivation, but maintain temporal and spatial synchrony between pairs of cells, implying that hippocampus does not determine phase relations between grid cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Dynamic turnover of centromeres drives karyotype evolution in Drosophila

    Ryan Bracewell et al.
    De novo formation of centromeres creates diverse karyotypes in flies and is accompanied by rapid turnover of centromere-associated satellite repeats.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    H3K9me2 orchestrates inheritance of spatial positioning of peripheral heterochromatin through mitosis

    Andrey Poleshko et al.
    The histone modification H3K9me2 marks peripheral heterochromatin and ensures positional information is safeguarded through cell division such that individual lamina-associated domains are re-established at the nuclear periphery in daughter nuclei.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Self-assembling manifolds in single-cell RNA sequencing data

    Alexander J Tarashansky et al.
    An iterative self-assembling algorithm identifies the intrinsic structures in single-cell transcriptomic data and helps to discover new cell populations that are undetectable by existing methods.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Rats exhibit similar biases in foraging and intertemporal choice tasks

    Gary A Kane et al.
    In both foraging and intertemporal choice tasks, rats prefer immediate rewards to delayed rewards, and this preference can be explained by a form of hyperbolic discounting.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Fog signaling has diverse roles in epithelial morphogenesis in insects

    Matthew Alan Benton et al.
    Fog signaling with a narrow morphogenetic role in Drosophila has a deeply conserved function in epithelial morphogenesis across insects.

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