5,336 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Random sub-diffusion and capture of genes by the nuclear pore reduces dynamics and coordinates inter-chromosomal movement

    Michael Chas Sumner et al.
    Measuring and simulating chromatin dynamics reveals that repositioning of genes to the nuclear pore is neither active nor vectorial, but reduces sub-diffusion and coordinates movement between loci on different chromosomes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Differential spatiotemporal development of Purkinje cell populations and cerebellum-dependent sensorimotor behaviors

    Gerrit Cornelis Beekhof et al.
    Different Purkinje cell subpopulations show distinct developmental profiles of physiological activity, climbing fiber inputs and axonal and dendritic morphology, matching different timelines of cerebellum-dependent behaviors.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    KSR1- and ERK-dependent translational regulation of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition

    Chaitra Rao et al.
    A key Ras-driven signaling pathway stimulates the preferential translation of an effector, EPSTI1, that is both necessary and sufficient for the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition-like phenotype in colorectal cancer cells.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Alpha-1 adrenergic receptor antagonists to prevent hyperinflammation and death from lower respiratory tract infection

    Allison Koenecke et al.
    Patients exposed to ⍺1-AR antagonists have reduced risks of mechanical ventilation and death in lower respiratory tract infection-related illnesses, highlighting the need for prospective trials assessing ⍺1-AR antagonists' effectiveness in COVID-19.
    1. Neuroscience

    Shape-invariant encoding of dynamic primate facial expressions in human perception

    Nick Taubert et al.
    Contrasting with neural network theories, a study of the cross-species perception of dynamic faces with highly realistic human and monkey avatars reveals independent perceptual encoding of facial shape and expression.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Canonical NF-κB signaling maintains corneal epithelial integrity and prevents corneal aging via retinoic acid

    Qian Yu et al.
    Corneal aging is regulated by the NF-κB-retinoic acid pathway and can be delayed by retinoic acid administration.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Phenotypic plasticity underlies local invasion and distant metastasis in colon cancer

    Andrea Sacchetti et al.
    Colon cancer cells disseminate and colonize distant organ sites along the invasion-metastasis cascade by transiently activating intermediate epithelial to mesenchymal transition states through distinct transcriptional trajectories.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Asymmetric localization of the cell division machinery during Bacillus subtilis sporulation

    Kanika Khanna et al.
    During sporulation, FtsAZ filaments mediating cell division in Bacillus subtilis are positioned asymmetrically around the septum only on the mother cell side, making the septum thinner than during vegetative growth.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cytoplasmic mRNA decay represses RNA polymerase II transcription during early apoptosis

    Christopher Duncan-Lewis et al.
    Human cells respond to cytoplasmic mRNA depletion during early apoptosis by inhibiting RNA polymerase II transcription, thereby magnifying the gene expression shutdown during stress.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric conformational ensembles have unlimited capacity for integrating information

    John W Biddle et al.
    The effective higher-order binding cooperativities arising from an ensemble of dynamically interchanging conformations are identified and shown to fully describe integration of binding information at thermodynamic equilibrium.

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