3,793 results found
  1. Gender Equity: Addressing recruitment at the departmental level

    We suggest five ways in which biology departments can improve their hiring processes in order to achieve gender equity in their workforce.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Microsaccadic sampling of moving image information provides Drosophila hyperacute vision

    Mikko Juusola et al.
    New experiments and theory reveal how the ability to see image details depends upon photoreceptor function and eye movements, and how fruit flies (Drosophila) see spatial details beyond the optical limit of their compound eyes.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    AAV-Txnip prolongs cone survival and vision in mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa

    Yunlu Xue et al.
    AAV-Txnip prolongs vision in mouse models of blindness, enhancing lactate catabolism, mitochondrial health, and ATP production in a condition that likely has a limited glucose supply.
    1. Neuroscience

    Selective and regulated trapping of nicotinic receptor weak base ligands and relevance to smoking cessation

    Anitha P Govind et al.
    The smoking cessation drug varenicline (Chantix) and other weak base ligands reduce a4b2-type nicotinic receptor (a4b2R) upregulation through slow intracellular release due to selective trapping in acidic vesicles that contain a4b2Rs.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Fitness variation across subtle environmental perturbations reveals local modularity and global pleiotropy of adaptation

    Grant Kinsler et al.
    A set of adaptive mutations affect only a small number of phenotypes that matter in the evolution condition, and yet contain substantial latent functional diversity revealed in distant environments.
    1. Neuroscience

    The role of oxytocin in delay of gratification and flexibility in non-social decision making

    Georgia Eleni Kapetaniou et al.
    Oxytocin was found to significantly improve non-social decision making in a healthy sample, suggesting a domain-general function of the hormone, in contrast to its previously hypothesized social domain specificity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Heterogeneity and stochastic growth regulation of biliary epithelial cells dictate dynamic epithelial tissue remodeling

    Kenji Kamimoto et al.
    Clonal tracing in vivo and quantitative modeling in silico reveal a unique mode of tissue growth and structural remodeling of the biliary system, providing an insight into the cellular basis for robust liver regeneration.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Bridging the gap between single-cell migration and collective dynamics

    Florian Thüroff et al.
    A computational model, based on single-cell features like contractility and polarizability, quantitatively describes cellular dynamics from the single cell level up to small cohorts and confluent tissues.
    1. Neuroscience

    Image content is more important than Bouma’s Law for scene metamers

    Thomas SA Wallis et al.
    Peripheral appearance models emphasising pooling processes that depend on retinal eccentricity will instead need to explore input-dependent grouping and segmentation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mapping immune variation and var gene switching in naive hosts infected with Plasmodium falciparum

    Kathryn Milne et al.
    Parasite variants associated with severe malaria do not have an intrinsic growth or survival advantage in vivo, which indicates that a change in host environment is required for their selection.

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