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    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Endangered wild salmon infected by newly discovered viruses

    Gideon J Mordecai et al.
    Newly discovered viruses in dead and dying farmed Chinook salmon are widely distributed in threatened wild Chinook and sockeye salmon populations.
    1. Neuroscience

    A subset of ipRGCs regulates both maturation of the circadian clock and segregation of retinogeniculate projections in mice

    Kylie S Chew et al.
    A single subpopulation of photoreceptors constitutes a shared node in the neural networks that regulate light-dependent maturation of the circadian clock and light-independent refinement of retinal ganglion cell projections to the brain.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The evolution of non-reproductive workers in insect colonies with haplodiploid genetics

    Jason W Olejarz et al.
    A mathematical model predicts the precise conditions for natural selection to favor the evolution of non-reproductive workers in insect colonies with haplodiploid genetics.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    First quantitative high-throughput screen in zebrafish identifies novel pathways for increasing pancreatic β-cell mass

    Guangliang Wang et al.
    A novel high-throughput, whole organism chemical screening platform was used to identify existing drugs that increase pancreatic beta-cell mass in zebrafish, implicating unique roles for the NF-κB and serotonergic signaling pathways in regulating pancreatic biology.
    1. Neuroscience

    A hierarchy of timescales explains distinct effects of local inhibition of primary visual cortex and frontal eye fields

    Luca Cocchi et al.
    The selective effect of local inhibition on diffuse patterns of brain connectivity can be accounted for by an intrinsic hierarchical ordering of cortical timescales.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Digital signaling decouples activation probability and population heterogeneity

    Ryan A Kellogg et al.
    Digital NF-κB signaling achieves orthogonal control over the probability of activation (percentage of activated cells) and dynamic response heterogeneity in the population via the area and shape of the input profile.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Complexin induces a conformational change at the membrane-proximal C-terminal end of the SNARE complex

    Ucheor B Choi et al.
    Complexin can have two conformations when bound to a ternary SNARE complex, one of which induces a conformational change of the SNARE complex at the C-terminus.
    1. Cell Biology

    Spatial sequestration and detoxification of Huntingtin by the ribosome quality control complex

    Junsheng Yang et al.
    A genome-wide screen in yeast reveals that key proteins in ribosome quality control also regulate mutant Huntingtin aggregation and toxicity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Interplay of cell dynamics and epithelial tension during morphogenesis of the Drosophila pupal wing

    Raphaël Etournay et al.
    Autonomous patterns of cell contraction in the context of localized apical extracellular matrix constraints specify tissue stresses that reshape the wing epithelium.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    9Å structure of the COPI coat reveals that the Arf1 GTPase occupies two contrasting molecular environments

    Svetlana O Dodonova et al.
    A molecular model of the assembled COPI coat, determined by cryo-electron tomography of an in vitro reconstituted budding reaction, reveals details of interactions mediating coat assembly and shows the binding site of ArfGAP2.